This is the 413th original article of Self-Driving Geography-
In the hinterland of China, if there was a road starting from the seashore facing the vast ocean, with hills, fields, mountains and water as well as snow-capped mountains, plateaus and rich humanities along the way, would you choose to walk up it?
This highway was selected by China National Geographic as the most beautiful highway in the southeast hilly region, namely G320.
I. G320-The Ribbon Across China
From Shanghai in the eastern coastal area to Ruili on the Myanmar border, the 3,695-kilometer-long G320 is like the "belt" of China.
It ties up the China-Myanmar economic corridor and becomes an important channel between China and Southeast Asia, strings up the classic Chinese landscape and transforms into a landscape highway in the hilly and plateau areas of China.
On this way, there is the Fuchun River "taking the line" to connect the water township of Jiangnan with the hills of Zhejiang and Fujian, and there is the Huaiyu Mountain "leading the way" to enter the plain of Poyang Lake.
Guided by the Xue Feng Mountain, from the hilly area in the south of the Yangtze River to the Yungui Plateau, which has been lifted out of the sea and deposited a large amount of limestone, the dissolution has made the plateau reveal its unique karst landform peaks and forests.
If the highway is divided into sections and discussed in terms of fame, then the Yunnan-Guizhou section is the most famous, whether it is Qinglong twenty-four abutments, or 200,000 people to build the Yunnan-Myanmar highway, are moving people to hear.
The way to enjoy the beauty of this highway should start from the eastern section that winds through the hilly plains, from the picturesque south of the Yangtze River, and then extend to the vast plateau.
II. Grand Canal
It can be said that without the existence of canals, the culture of Jiangnan would not be so rich.
Most of the rivers along Taihu Lake are artificial rivers and canals, and they form a network of canals and waterways, relying on the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal to form a logistical and cultural channel between Jiangnan and the capital.
Beijing merchants, Anhui merchants and other business groups active on it, poets, painters travel by boat, the economy, poetry, painting set in this land, gradually developed, rich, rich water township, poetry and painting Jiangnan thus.
Shanghai, Jiaxing and Hangzhou, through which the G320 passes, all rely on the canal to make their fortunes, and basically where the canal meets the canal, there is an ancient town in the water town of Jiangnan.
For example, Fengjing Ancient Town and Xinchang Ancient Town in Shanghai, Xitang Ancient Town and Wuzhen in Jiaxing, Tangqi Ancient Town and Longmen Ancient Town in Hangzhou.
It is because of the presence of these ancient towns that we got a picturesque start on the G320 and, after that, into the Fuchun River basin.
Three, Fuchun Mountain Water
Starting from Hangzhou, the journey along the Fuchun River is the official entry into the hilly area of Zhejiang and Fujian.
The Fuchun River is about 110 kilometers long, and the G320 accompanies it for more than 80 kilometers. Although the distance is short, the flavor of the landscape culture is no less, and numerous celebrities and scholars have been fascinated by it throughout history.
Huang Gongwang, a Yuan Dynasty painter, lived in Fuyang for a long time and completed his masterpiece "Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains", but due to "burning the painting for burial" it was divided into two sections, half of which are now in the Zhejiang Provincial Museum and the other half in the National Palace Museum in Taipei.
Su Dongpo once said: "three Wu line all the thousand mountains and water, still Tonglu scenery beauty", the Eastern Han Yan Ziling although and Liu Xiu push heart and soul, but refused the latter's high official salary, still in the Fuchun area of seclusion, from time to time to Tonglu Dongtai fishing.
Out of Tonglu and into Jiande, G320 crosses at the northern foot of Wulong Mountain. If interested, there is an ancient town of Meicheng with good scenery at the southern foot of Wulong Mountain, where the Fuchun River and Xin'an River divide.
After that, G320 goes down the Xin'an River to Jiande, where mountains and rocks, rivers, white clouds and river sand work hard to create the spirituality of the hills.
Of course, the biggest highlight of the trip was in Jiangxi, which is past Quzhou and into the city.
IV. Poetic Jiangxi
In terms of Chinese landscape poetic architecture, Hui School is an architectural style that cannot be bypassed. A persimmon tree in the right place, a stream flowing at the edge of the village, or even the rape fields in front and behind the village are enough to make photographers freeze for it.
However, many people do not know that both Huizhou-style architecture and Huizhou merchants are basically scattered in the junction of Jiangxi, Anhui and Zhejiang provinces.
Shangrao, a very low-key small city in Jiangxi Province, was called Xinzhou in ancient times, and is a thoroughfare in eight directions, deep in the wu (wù) source familiar to travelers, moreover, it shares Poyang Lake with Nanchang and Jiujiang.
It borders Anhui, Zhejiang and Fujian, with the Huaiyu Mountains to the north, the Xianxia Mountains and the Wuyi Mountains to the south, and is deep in the Xinjiang River basin between the hills of Zhejiang and Fujian and the hills of Jiangnan.
In this small watershed, famous mountains in Taoism, such as Sanqing Mountain, Longhu Mountain, Ling Mountain and Ge Xian Mountain, are scattered among them, making countless Taoist children to make pilgrimages here.
In March and April every year, the mountains and waters of Jiangxi stretch out endlessly with G320, with green hills and green water, white walls and morning mist.
And in November and December every year, countless migratory birds fly into Poyang Lake, which becomes the best destination for photographing migratory birds, and you can also look for Mount Lu in Li Bai's poem to the north.
Jiangxi is like a beautiful woman, both deep in the harem, obscure, but also deep, long history, together with Hunan as the cradle of the Republic.
V. Red Xuefeng Mountain
After passing through the Ganjiang River basin and coming out of the intersection of Jiuling Mountain and Wugong Mountain, you will also enter the Xiangjiang River basin and walk through Zhuzhou, Xiangtan and Shaoyang in succession, and then arrive at the foot of Xuefeng Mountain.
In the late anti-Japanese war, in the frontal battlefield of China, the invading Japanese army launched a general attack on the western Hunan region to save itself from defeat and destruction, which was called the Xiangxi Battle, also known as the Xuefeng Mountain Battle because it basically revolved around the Xuefeng Mountain Range.
The battle, in the eyes of the Communist Party, was nothing more than the last madness of the invading Japanese army.
After more than 2 months of combat, the Chinese army completely crushed the plot of the invading Japanese army, unveiling the prelude of the Chinese army to turn defense into attack, and the Xiangxi Battle became the last battle of the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japan.
Over the Xuefeng Mountains that divide the southeastern hills and the Yunnan-Guizhou plateau, and then into the state of Qiandongnan, the rich landscape of Guizhou unfolds as the miles of G320 increase.
Sixth, Guizhou mountains
If you like mountain driving, you can take the Leigong Mountain self-driving loop we surveyed a while ago after arriving in Sansui County to experience the rich humanities and topography of the Qian southeast region.
If the landscape of Guangxi is gentle and refreshing, then the landscape of Guizhou is gentle, bold, and a little more romantic.
There are such as Longli Grassland, Hundred Flowers Lake, Red Maple Lake planted with cherry blossoms, and the famous Huangguoshu Waterfall along the G320, and there are also landscapes far away from the G320, such as Wumeng Mountain Grassland, Leek Ping, Baili Rhododendron, and Weaving Cave.
However, once you take the G320, you can't miss the Qinglong Twenty-four Turn in Guizhou.
Although as the famous sign of the Stilwell Highway, it was not famous at the beginning, and those who knew about these turns were limited to the locals of Qianxinan, and outsiders didn't even know about it.
And when the experts and scholars looking for it, due to the complex relationship between the names of the two highways, Stilwell Highway (Sino-Indian Highway) and Yunnan-Myanmar Highway in history, which led them to basically run Yunnan, Myanmar, and even to India and Vietnam to find it, it was not until 2002 that it was deciphered by historians.
From Qian into the cloud, the G320 direction is no different from the direction of the Yunnan-Myanmar highway, of course, you have to say that it is the Stilwell Highway, that is also true, this section of the road in Yunnan territory with either name is right, because they are in Yunnan common line.
VII. Yunnan-Burma Highway
The Yunnan-Myanmar Highway, which starts from Kunming all the way to the west, crosses the Lancang and Nujiang rivers, goes out of the national border into Myanmar through Wanchai and ends at Laxu.
The total length of the road is 1146 km, the Yunnan section (domestic section of Stilwell Highway) is 959 km, and the Myanmar section is 187 km. If the road is extended northward from Wanchai to Myitkyina, Myanmar and Lido, India, it is the northern extension of Stilwell Highway.
Although the highway is basically diverted and repaired as a tarmac road today, the souls of the martyrs who stayed along the highway will not be far away.
The Nanyang Machinists and the Chinese Expeditionary Force are two groups that are easily forgotten today, but in those days of salvation and survival, one took this road, drove a Dodge truck and snatched anti-Japanese supplies, and the other stepped majestically into Burma to fight against the Japanese.
On the edge of Cuihu Lake in Kunming, Yunnan, the Chinese Expeditionary Army Monument stands tall, while in Wanchai, the Chinese Expeditionary Army War Memorial is located next to the Wanchai High School.
The highway at the entrance is named National Defense Road, while Zhengyang Road, which intersects with National Defense Road, is the Memorial Park for the Southern Overseas Chinese Mechanics Returning to China to Resist Japan.
G320 is a highway you can't miss, both in the eastern section stringing China's landscape style and in the western section stringing China's anti-Japanese history.
G320 is full of Jiangnan characteristics because of the harmony between landscape and people, and full of fearlessness because of the connection between history and people.
Source/Public: China Self-Driving Geography
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