Ancient Sites in Beijing The Kings' Zhaodian of Fangshan Jinling

Zhaowang Zhaowei, the mausoleum area of the royal kings ......

Ancient Sites in Beijing The Kings' Zhaodian of Fangshan Jinling

This map clearly shows the location of each mausoleum area in the Jinling, with the Taizu Mausoleum area (known as the Jinling) as the reference point, west to south, and the kings' Zhaowei and the Phoenix Mountain tombs respectively.

Separated from the tomb area of Taizu by a mountain beam, another valley to the west of the tomb area of Taizu is called Lumenyu in ancient times.

As I said before, the unique feature of Jinling is that there are kings of the clan buried with them, and it is divided into a king's tomb area and an emperor's tomb area. King Zongbi (Jin Wuji) was the only one who was buried in the imperial tomb area as the king of Liang, which shows that Jin Wuji's status was truly extraordinary.

According to historical records, in 1155, King Wan Yan Liang of Hailing started to build the King's Tomb area in Lumenyu, which is known as the "King's Tomb Area", while building the Mausoleum area of Taizu in Jiulong Mountain.

Lu Men Yu is an ancient place name, but today there is no longer this name, archaeological researchers finally determined that Lu Men Yu is both today's "cross temple ditch" no doubt.

When you enter the west small gate of Jinzu Mountain Scenic Area to the left, you can drive directly into the Cross Temple Ditch along the curved mountain road. Today, Lumenyu is famous for the Cross Temple at the mouth of the ditch, and now people more often call this place the Cross Temple Ditch.

Ancient Sites in Beijing The Kings' Zhaodian of Fangshan Jinling

As soon as you enter the mountain, the mountain is low and the valley is open, and the further you go in the valley, the narrower it becomes. The ravine here is leaning on Sanbon Mountain in the north, adjacent to Taizu Mausoleum area in Jiulong Mountain in the east across a ridge, and the mausoleum areas in Phoenix Mountain in the southwest.

I came here, my mind has been haunted by a thought, the tomb of the kings could possibly be in which location? In fact, with my guess, I think an open location at the entrance of the mountain is most suitable. Why so guess, I will slowly tell you later.

It is not too far inward to reach the Cross Temple, which is both on the flat ground at the mouth of the narrow gully that tightens. After the Cross Temple and further up the road, a number of trails and various tourist facilities such as water storage channels have been built.

Ancient Sites in Beijing The Kings' Zhaodian of Fangshan Jinling

The first burials at Lumenyu were of King Hizong and the kings of the clan who were moved from Shangjing.

Unfortunately, the Golden History does not record the names and numbers of the kings who were buried, so posterity knows nothing about it. However, the remains of the kings' burials were left in the Jin Shangjing area.

24 kilometers east of the former city of Jin Shangjing, Acheng City, Daling Township, Jixing Village, North Mountain, there is a site of the early Jin Dynasty mausoleum group, in a thousand square meters, there are dozens of artificially excavated huge pits.

Heilongjiang A city cultural relics workers speculate that this is likely to be the King of Hailin 3 years to move the burial of the remains of the King's tomb. It can be seen that after digging out the Zigong moved away, the old pit was not even filled, but it has been able to remain until today.

Ancient Sites in Beijing The Kings' Zhaodian of Fangshan Jinling

The king of the zhaodong domain first left the name of the buried, instead of the king of Hailin seized power regicide killed Jin Xizong, "Golden History" recorded Jin Xizong in the "three years of Jeongwon, re-buried in the Dafang Mountain Polygon Xiangdian, the king of the same zhaodong." But wasn't King Hizong the emperor? Why was he buried with the kings?

Because after Xizong was killed, the king of Hailin posthumously surrendered him as the king of Donghuang, so he was buried in the zhaos of the kings. As you can see, the ancients had a very strict concept of hierarchy, and the ritual system is reflected in all aspects. Rules, the ancients attached great importance.

However, after the change of regime (Dading 28-1188), Xizong was moved out of Polygonhyangdian in the kingdom of Zhaoyu on the grounds of the "small size of Siling", and was eventually buried in Emei Valley, still called Siling.

Ancient Sites in Beijing The Kings' Zhaodian of Fangshan Jinling

The hillsides on either side of here are also the most likely locations for the tombs of the kings to be in. Most of today's researchers analyze and reason through documentary artifacts, and the so-called professional arguments have to be based on them. However, there is no accurate statement of the location, number and names of the tombs of the kings in any historical documents, so these are a mystery.

I guess the lack of rank of the kings and the lack of much archaeological value is also a factor, so everything in the tomb of the kings will just be lost in the dust of history.

Ancient Sites in Beijing The Kings' Zhaodian of Fangshan Jinling

This is from the top down (from north to south) to take a picture, the so-called green mountains everywhere buried bones of loyalty, here just into the mouth of the ditch hillside location I think are possible locations of the King's tomb. My reason is that this place is suitable for a tomb, because the further you go inside, the more precipitous the rocks are, and the geological features do not look like there is a king's tomb.

The study of Jinling revealed that most of the tombs were built along the hillside terraces, and the mined rocks were often used to build protective facilities such as flood control dams. If the tomb of the King is inside, then the amount of work is large, not to mention that the stones should have been excavated long ago.

Ancient Sites in Beijing The Kings' Zhaodian of Fangshan Jinling

This is Sanbonsui, famous for its three pools of water, which are said to have been natural springs in the early days and are now converted into artificial landscapes. The mountain terrain here is clearly no longer suitable for building tombs, while the rocky structure of the mountain does not look like a tomb was once built.

Ancient Sites in Beijing The Kings' Zhaodian of Fangshan Jinling

Xizong, after the literature can be found buried in the Lu Men Yu there are five, respectively: the King of the Su Suqeng Si A complement, the Prince of Hailing Guangying, the abolition of the Emperor Hailing Wang Wan Yan Liang, Rong Wang Wan Yan Shuang (Jin Wuji brother Wan Yan Zongqiang's son, died in battle), the last is the father of the King of Hailing Wan Yan Zong Gan, in the 22 years (1182) was cut off the emperor's name, from the tomb of the Taizu area moved out and buried in the Lu Men Yu.

To the Golden State loyalty both to conquer and to assist the state of the Wan Yan Zong Gan did not expect to end up in such a situation.

Ancient Sites in Beijing The Kings' Zhaodian of Fangshan Jinling

These five people, four of them except for Wan Yan Shuang, are all members of the Wan Yan Liang family, namely, Wan Yan Liang and his father and two sons (the first two).

Interrogation Si A fill in the palace outside the small bottom Dongsheng family maintenance, but died at the age of three, because of this incident, Wan Yan Liang killed the eunuch doctor and nursemaid several people directly responsible, beat his foster Dongsheng a hundred sticks, the next day posthumously sealed Interrogation Si A fill for the King.

Guangying was also the son of Wanyan Liang, who wanted to pass the throne to him and let Guangying guard Bianjing during the war with Southern Song. After Wanyan Liang was killed by the mutiny of his subordinates, Guangying was also killed in Bianjing, and was only 12 years old when he died.

It seems that being born in an imperial family is not necessarily a good thing. The other side of his despicable and tyrannical life is his high level of attainment in both Chinese studies and literature.

Ancient Sites in Beijing The Kings' Zhaodian of Fangshan Jinling

It is said that Ginyan Liang was one of the few people in the Jin dynasty who had great literary skills and wrote poems that were majestic and eloquent. However, due to the abolition of King Sejong, very few poems of Wanyan Liang have been passed down.

True is how much merit there will be how much disadvantage, no point of ability also dare not do evil, not smart and no capital to do great evil. This person, Ginyan Liang, is exactly like what Heshen said, "Huaiyai misunderstood this body". He killed all the descendants of King Taizong, so much so that King Taizong was extinct.

And because the son of Woods, Wanyan Heng has the legacy of his father, and was killed by Wanyan Liang jealousy, if not most of Wanyan Heng's descendants ran to Shaanxi, may also be the descendants of the Golden Woods to extinct. The fact that Wanyan Liang had been following his uncle Jin Wuji in the early days of the war, and had been killing his cousin, fully reflects the ruthlessness of Wanyan Liang as a person.

As the saying goes, man's calculation is not as good as God's calculation, ambition to unify China's great house mountain Jinling originator Hai Ling Wang Wan Yan Liang, exhausting efforts to find the Jinling this piece of feng shui treasure after death, but they are not blessed, the final destination is the nameless wilderness.

The killers were eventually killed, and the exterminators were eventually exterminated themselves. Although there were numerous concubines, there were only four sons and one daughter in the offspring, and three of the four sons died at the age of three (the murderous people were seriously affected by the descendants). In fact, the murderer will be able to see the evil consequences in this life, the heart of the evil family will not be auspicious.

Ancient Sites in Beijing The Kings' Zhaodian of Fangshan Jinling

After his death, Ginyan Liang was first demoted to King Hailing by King Shizong, posthumous name "Yang", "Yang" is the most unpleasant posthumous name. "Yang" represents the faint and brutal, despicable and unethical. Volume 6 - Posthumous Law Interpretation" has a cloud: "good within far from the rituals said Yang, go to the rituals far from the masses said Yang, against the sky and abuse of the people said Yang, good and dangerous politics said Yang, thin and oligarchic said Yang, away from the desolate country said Yang".

Therefore, Wanyan Liang is also called "King Yang of Hailing", in all the history of China, there are only four people who are posthumous, and Wanyan Liang is honored to be one of them.

Later, Wan Yan Liang was relegated to a commoner and was buried in the wilderness. The cause and effect has been manifested in the body of Wan Yan Liang.

The last thing to say is that the kings of the Lumen Valley are buried and moved, not only these five kings and the kings who were moved from Shangjing, but also some of the kings of the clan who were buried here one after another. Of course, not all of the royal kings are eligible for burial here, because burial here requires the approval of the emperor.

However, the historical records of these kings who were buried here are almost nil, so there is no way for future generations to know.

It is as if Napoleon once said happily to his secretary: You too will be glorious and eternal.

His secretary asked why. Napoleon replied: Because you are my secretary. His secretary asked in return: Then who was Alexander's secretary? Napoleon applauded: Good point!