Do you know what the range of normal heart rate is? Many people will blurt out, 60-100 beats per minute.
Doctors will calculate the heart rate through a stethoscope, but ordinary people will not use a stethoscope, so they will calculate the heart rate by counting the pulse, because in most cases, the heart rate and pulse are the same, but there are exceptions, such as atrial fibrillation when the pulse and heart rate are not equal.
But for hypertensive patients, doctors often have very strict requirements, why is that? Many people would say that blood pressure is blood pressure and heart rate is heart rate, two things that are not related to each other, but also have a connection?
It might be worth looking at a study from Peking University, a research group from the People's Hospital of Peking University, which divided volunteers with hypertension from 110 hypertension centers in 21 cities in China into five groups based on resting heart rate, namely, heart rate ≥80 beats/min, heart rate 75-79 beats/min, heart rate 70-74 beats/min, heart rate 65-69 beats/min, and heart rate <65 beats/min. A total of two years of follow-up observations were made after excluding the interference of age, sex, alcohol consumption, smoking, lipids, blood glucose, and coronary artery disease. The main observations were: myocardial infarction, cardiac stent, cardiac bypass, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, death and other cardiovascular disease events.
The results of the study showed that for people with hypertension, having a heart rate ≥ 80 beats/min or a heart rate < 65 beats/min increased the risk of cardiovascular disease. This is more significant for men with hypertension, as well as for those with hypertension in advanced age.
When seeing such a study, I believe many people will be amazed that for hypertensive patients, all we have been concerned about is blood pressure, I really did not think that the original heart rate is also so important.
Therefore, for patients with hypertension, it is important to monitor their heart rate. If you find that your heart rate is often ≥80 beats/min or your heart rate is <65 beats/min, it is recommended to visit the hospital promptly.
This occurs because of cardiac complications caused by chronic high blood pressure in hypertensive patients, with cardiac hypertrophy, myocardial ischemia, and compensatory changes in heart rate. So there has actually been a strong link between heart rate and blood pressure.
Metoprolol can be used to both lower blood pressure and slow down the heart rate in patients with hypertension combined with a fast heart rate, and is not suitable for patients with hypertension combined with a slow heart rate.
In daily life, blood pressure and heart rate are always changing, for example, when nervous blood pressure rises heart rate increases, to make blood pressure and heart rate more stable, not only to control blood pressure, but also to maintain a good state of mind, maintain a healthy lifestyle habits, quit smoking and alcohol, but also appropriate exercise, although the movement will briefly raise blood pressure and heart rate, but in the long run, will make blood pressure and heart rate more stable.