Where are the most beautiful streets in Beijing, a glorious city with more than 3,000 years of history as a city and 800 years of history as a capital?
That has to be Wu Si Street-Jingshan Qianjie-Wenjin Street-Xi'anmen Street, which covers 3.3 kilometers. Starting from the Art Museum in the east and ending at Xi'an Gate in the west, it is considered to be the most beautiful street in Beijing. It concentrates the essence of the ancient capital Beijing and still maintains the quiet and elegant ancient capital style. As you walk west from the Art Museum, the Red Building of Peking University with its revolutionary tradition reminds you of the famous events in China's modern history. Continuing on, you will see the clean and quiet streets, the ancient moat, the corner towers of the Forbidden City reflecting the blue sky, the dream-like shadow of the White Pagoda of the Beihai, the mirror-like lake, the light boats in summer and the happy people on ice in winter. There is also the elegant Beijing Library Branch, a small regimented city with beautiful red walls, yellow tiles and green trees. It brings together the culture of royal classics, Chinese and foreign religions, folk customs, and the culture of famous people's homes, and is considered the "cultural pulse" running through the center of Beijing.
Along the way, there are 12 national key cultural relics protection units, 14 Beijing cultural relics protection units, and 11 Xicheng District cultural relics protection units in the street and adjacent streets.
On the way west from the National Art Museum of China, you will pass.
(1), National Art Museum of China: The National Art Museum of China (NAMOC), located at No. 1, Wu Si Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, is the only national museum of plastic arts in China. The National Art Museum of China collects more than 110,000 works of art, covering ancient to contemporary works of Chinese artists, as well as foreign works of art and a rich collection of Chinese folk art.
(2), Huangchenggen Ruins Park: The largest street park in the center of Beijing, Huangchenggen Ruins Park, was officially opened on September 11, 2001. The park extends from Chang'an Street in the south to Ping'an Avenue in the north, with a green area of 90%. The site of Donghuamen of the Ming Imperial City has been excavated and an open-air "museum" has been built on site for people to visit. In the middle of the park, there is a garden attraction with the theme of old Beijing courtyard, and there are 10 stacked springs designed by taking advantage of the difference in terrain. Six sculptures and three groups of reliefs in the park show the unique human environment and historical lineage of ancient Beijing.
(3), Peking University Red Building: Peking University Red Building, formerly known as the First Institute of Peking University, covers an area of 10,000 square meters. The Red Building of Peking University was built in 1916 and completed in 1918, with red brick masonry, red tile roof, brick and wood structure, and the plan is I-shaped. The Red Building of Peking University has the president's office, the president's office, the second reading room, etc. The Red Building of Peking University is an important place in modern Chinese history where Li Dazhao, Chen Duxiu and Mao Zedong first spread Marxism and the progressive ideas of democracy and science, and has important historical value. From August 1, 2021, the Red Building of Peking University will be open for individual reservation, and visitors can make reservations through the WeChat public number of the Memorial Hall of the Early Revolutionary Activities of the Communist Party of China in Beijing.
(4), Songzhu Temple and Zhizhu Temple: Songzhu Temple and Zhizhu Temple are located at No. 23, Songzhu Yuan, Houjie, Jingshan, Dongcheng District. Originally three large temples side by side: East for the Fa Yuan Temple, in the Song Zhu Temple, West for the Zhi Zhu Temple. It is the site of Hanjing Factory and Fanjing Factory of Ming Dynasty. Fa Yuan Temple, before and after a total of five levels of halls: the Hall of the Mountain Gate, the Hall of the Heavenly King, the Hall of the Immeasurable, the Hall of the Great Hero and the Back Hall. It is now abandoned. Ji Chu Temple has six floors of halls. The first layer for the mountain gate hall and the bell and drum tower, the second layer for the Heavenly King Hall 3 rooms, the third layer for the heavy eaves four-sided hall, the fourth layer for the back of the hall (also known as the pure body hall) 5 rooms, the fifth layer of the hall 5 rooms, the hall behind the two-story building. Now it is a cultural relics protection unit in Beijing.
(5), South Pond, North Pond: one of the eight temples outside the Forbidden City "Xuan Ren Temple" "Ninghe Temple", the Qing Dynasty were used to worship the god of wind, cloud gods, built in the Qing Yongzheng years; Pudu Temple was once the residence of Dorgon, later the royal family changed into a dedicated to Maha Kala Tibetan Buddhist shrine, Maha Kala is a war god has three heads and six arms. It was once used as a land for troops, schools, and residents, and only the mountain gate, main hall, and abbot's courtyard are well preserved; the Imperial Library of History, an archive from the Ming and Qing dynasties. These two streets are bounded by the Donghuamen, with the North Pond in the north and the South Pond in the south.
(6), the Imperial Palace corner building, tube river: corner building, four-sided convex plan combination of multi-angle building, the roof has three layers, the upper layer is a vertical and horizontal lap intersection of the hiatus roof, by two slopes of flowing water overhanging mountain roof and four-sided slope of the combination of hipped halls, because this roof has nine major ridge, so called the nine ridge hall. The middle floor is made of hook-and-link practice, with the hipped roof of the four-sided hugging building ringing the roof of the center, as if the stars were arching the moon. Tube River, the Forbidden City moat, 3.5 kilometers long, 52 meters wide and 4.1 meters deep. The water is diverted from Jishui Lake and finally intersects with the Jinshui River, which flows into the Calamus River. The water of the outer tube river flows into the Forbidden City to form the inner tube river. Inner tube river water from the Shen Wu Men West near the northwest corner of the city wall below the root of the inlet sluice, by a long straight north-south tunnel through the city walls to the Forbidden City into the Ming ditch. Tube river in addition to defense, fire prevention and water for the Forbidden City to provide water sources.
(7), The Palace Museum: The Forbidden City is the royal palace of China's Ming and Qing dynasties, formerly known as the Forbidden City, located in the center of the central axis of Beijing. Beijing Imperial Palace, centered on three major halls, covers an area of about 720,000 square meters, construction area of about 150,000 square meters, with more than seventy large and small palaces, houses more than 9,000 rooms. It is one of the largest and best-preserved wooden structures of ancient architecture existing in the world.
(8), Jingshan Park: Jingshan Park is located in the front street of Jingshan in Xicheng District of Beijing, situated on the central axis of Beijing during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, facing the North Sea in the west and the Shenmu Gate of the Forbidden City in the south, it was the imperial court of the Ming and Qing Dynasties and was once called "Banzai Mountain". In the center of the park, there are Yiwanglou, Wufang Pavilion, Shouhuang Hall, Yongsi Hall, Peony Garden, and the place where Ming Si Zong was martyred. Among them, Wanchun Pavilion, located in the middle peak of Jingshan, with a relative height of 45.7 meters, is the highest and best viewpoint on the north-south axis of Beijing.
(9), Beihai Park: Beihai Park is located in the central area of Beijing, east of Jingshan, south of Zhongnanhai, north of Shichahai , belongs to the ancient Chinese royal gardens. The park is centered on the Beihai Sea, covering an area of 69 hectares (including 39 hectares of water surface), mainly consisting of Qionghua Island, the east coast and the north coast scenic spots. The trees on Qionghua Island are lush, the pavilions and pavilions are quiet, and the white pagoda stands on top of the mountain, which becomes the symbol of the park.
(10), the North Sea Bridge: North Sea Bridge, formerly known as the Golden Sea Bridge, also known as the Royal River Bridge, Jin'ao Yu rainbow bridge, bridge for nine holes with arch stone, now nine holes only retain the middle of the fifth hole can flow smoothly, the remaining eight holes with brick blocking only for decorative purposes. Located in Beijing Beihai Park, the west side of the south gate, the east end of Wenjin Street, spanning the North Sea and the sea between. The two ends of the bridge was originally built by the Ming Dynasty Emperor Jiajing plaque, the plaque on the east of the bridge is "Golden Ao", the plaque on the west of the bridge is "Yu rainbow", so called "Golden Ao Yu rainbow Bridge", 1954 It was dismantled and stored in Taoranting Park in 1954, and was destroyed during the Cultural Revolution. Beihai Bridge is the demarcation bridge between Zhongnanhai and Beihai.
(11) The former site of Beiping Library: The former site of Beiping Library is located at No. 7, Wenjin Street, Xicheng District, Beijing, and is also the main building of the branch of the National Library of China - Wenjin Building, which is a national key cultural relics protection unit. One of the most advanced libraries in the Far East at the time, costing a total of more than 2.4 million yuan in silver, all from the return of the Gengzi reparations. Covering an area of seventy-six acres, the building's exterior was a gorgeous traditional Chinese palace structure, while the interior facilities were all the most advanced Western-style equipment available at the time, which was by no means inferior to the Library of Congress in the United States. It is worth mentioning that the Beiping Library was open to the public for free at that time, so you can imagine that Wenjin Street must have been a place where the literati and scholars of that time often hit.
(12), Zhongnanhai: this will not be said ....... Friendly reminder: don't shoot Zhongnanhai ........
(13), Fuyu Street: Fuyu Street is located in the southeast of Xicheng District. It starts from West Chang'an Street in the south and ends at Xi'anmen Street in the north. It is named after its geographical location to the right of the Presidential Palace in the Republic of China. On October 10, 1913, Yuan Shikai was inaugurated as the President of the Republic. The presidential palace was located in Zhongnanhai. The west side of the presidential palace was renamed as Fuyu Street. East of Fuyu Street Road, the west wall of Zhongnanhai, the southern half of the northern wall is the red wall, part of the western wall of the imperial city of the Ming and Qing dynasties. The red wall is one foot eight feet high and covered with golden glazed tiles on the top. The wall north of the east entrance from Lingjing Hutong was rebuilt after the Republic of China.
(14) Xishiku Church: Xishiku Church, originally called the Church of the Savior, commonly known as the North Church, is a typical Gothic-style building located at 33 Xishiku Street, Xicheng District, Beijing, a Catholic church. In 1703, two Catholic priests, Hong Ruo and Liu Ying, cured the Kangxi Emperor of his illness and were thus granted a piece of land within the Xi'an Gate of the imperial city in the generation of Jamshedkou to build a church, which is the predecessor of today's Xishiku Church, called the Church of the Savior.
(15), Liwangfu: Liwangfu is located at No. 7 and No. 9, South Street, West Huangchenggen, Beijing. In the Ming Dynasty, it was the private residence of Emperor Chongzhen's father-in-law, Zhou Kui. After the Qing dynasty entered Beijing, this place after the Prince of Rites, the second son of the Qing Emperor Nurhachi, the early Qing dynasty "eight iron hat king" one of the generation of good. The royal residence is large in scale and occupies a vast area, with heavy doors and deep courtyards. There is an old saying in Beijing, "the house of the King of Rites, the wall of the King of Yu's House", that is, the house of the King of Rites is more, the wall of the Yu's House is high. There are more than 480 houses and corridors in the entire royal palace.
Wandering in this street
It is like being in a colorful
In a wonderful gallery where the best places meet
It is enough to enjoy from this street
Royal culture, garden culture, architectural culture
Commercial culture, street culture, folklore culture
Water culture, religious culture, science and education culture, the
The essence of a variety of historical and cultural aspects, including