Xu Xiaque said: "Five mountains return not to see the mountain, Huangshan Mountain return not to see the mountain."
Li Bai said: "The stream of water flying straight down three thousand feet, suspected to be the Milky Way falling nine days."
Su Shi said: "Looking across the mountain into the side into the peak, far and near the height of different."
Du Fu said, "When you are at the top of the mountain, you can see all the mountains."
Jia Island said, "Huayue is unique in its spirituality, and the grass is always fresh."
Ancient people perfect Mount Lu's poetry, far more than the five mountains, but also more than Mount Huang.
Among the Five Mountains, Mount Tai in the east, Mount Hua in the west and Mount Song in the middle are more famous. Taishan Shidang, the head of the Five Mountains, the only one of the Five Mountains, Taishan crushing the top, Taishan watching the sunrise, Qin Shi Huang also went to Taishan to seal the meditation and worship heaven and earth.
And the word "Tai" has a far-reaching meaning and profound implications. For example:The country is safe and secure, heavier than Mount Tai, the three suns are open, Tai Rang, stable as Mount Tai, the extreme is Tai Lai ......
It can be said that the most famous and familiar of the five mountains isTarzan. There are also many legends about it, but in the minds of ordinary people, when it comes to the mountain, the first one isTarzanThe first thing that comes to mind is also Tarzan.
Known for its steepness, Mount Hua is the highest of the five mountains at 2,155 meters above sea level. "Since ancient times, Mount Hua has been a road!" The danger of Mount Hua is famous all over the world. The movie "Taking Mount Hua" tells the story of the PLA attacking Mount Hua to eliminate the bandits.
Mount Hua is a remnant of the Qinling Mountains, as are Mount Tai Bai and Mount Dinan. The miracle is that the entire Mount Hua is a complete, massive granite boulder! This is unique among the many mountains and peaks in China. In the ancient book "Shanhaijing" from the Spring and Autumn and Warring States period, this is how Mount Hua is recorded:
The mountain of Taihua is cut into four directions, its height is 5,000 feet, and its width is 10 miles.
Therefore, the genesis of Mount Hua is still a mystery! Such a large boulder is obviously not formed by the extrusion and uplift of the earth's crust.
Among the five mountains, in terms of fame, in addition to Mount Tai is Mount Hua! Shenxiang splitting mountain to save his mother, the five great Huashan argue sword, the giant spirit god splitting mountain, blowing cock to attract phoenix, yellow bird with a ring, broken mirror reunion ...... legendary stories about Mount Hua have been passed down from generation to generation.
Wang Wei has a poem in praise of Mount Hua:
In the past, we heard that the universe is closed, the creation of giant spirits.
The right foot stepping square stop, the left and push chipping into.
Heaven and earth suddenly open chapel, the great river injection east drizzle.
So for the western standoff mountain, majestic town of Qinjing.
The treacherous nature of Mount Hua is no less than that of the Great Snowy Mountains in the west. It is like a huge rock rising up from the ground and plunging into the clouds. Climbing Mount Hua requires not only a strong body, but also superhuman courage. It takes both perseverance and courage to appreciate the beauty of Mount Huashan. The Canglong Ridge, the Cloud Stairs, the Long Sky Trail, and the Dove Flip, are the features of Mount Huashan, which are amazing, strange, dangerous and steep.
Located in the hinterland of the Central Plains, Dengfeng City, Henan Province, Mount Zhongyue is situated in Zhengzhou to the east, Luoyang to the west, Yingshui to the south and the Yellow River to the north.
Song Shan in the broad sense is a mountain range that stretches for hundreds of kilometers and covers several hundred square kilometers. It originates from a remnant of the Fu Niu Mountains. In a narrow sense, it refers to the two mountains of Taimuro and Shaomuro. Between the two mountains, each contains 36 peaks, hence the saying "Taimuro is like a dragon sleeping, Shaomuro is like a phoenix dancing".
The Liantian Peak of Shaomuro Mountain is the highest peak of Mt.
Wu Zetian, a maverick, chose Mount Song for her enchantment and renamed it "Shenyue".
In the minds of ordinary people, know the great name of Songshan, or because of the Shaolin Temple. The world's martial arts out of Shaolin, and Shaolin Temple is Songshan Shaolin Temple, the two complement each other, who can not be separated from who. The so-called "Shaolin", is the forest of Shaomuro Mountain! Shaolin Temple is located on a piece of flat land between the Shaomuro Mountain and the five milk peaks, built on the mountain, the Shaomuro Creek in front of the door, is the source of Ying Shui.
During the Tauric period, 3.5 billion years ago, Mt. The "Shaolin Movement" 1.8 billion years ago and the "Shaolin Movement" 500 million years ago gradually formed the Songshan Mountain Range. After the "Yanshan Movement", the mountain range was finally created by the "Zhongyue Movement".
It is evident that Mt. It is several billion years old now.
After talking about Mount Tai, Mount Huashan and Mount Song, let's talk about the less famous Southern Mount Hengshan and the least famous Northern Mount Hengshan. To be honest, Mount Heng and Mount Heng are so much less famous than their three siblings that many people don't know much about Mount Heng! The ancients, probably to make up the numbers, had to call Mount HengNangyueThe name of Mount Everest isBeiyue. What is more coincidental is that both the north and the south are called Heng (Heng) Mountain, with the same pronunciation, which sometimes makes people foolishly indistinguishable.
So, are Mount Everest and Mount Hengshan the number of the Five Mountains, or is it just a vain name?
Also known as Nanshan and Shoushan, it is a famous Buddhist and Taoist shrine located in the southeastern part of Hunan Province, stretching between the two basins of Hengyang and Xiangtan, with the main part located in Nanyue District, Hengshan County and the eastern part of Hengyang City.
The name of Hengshan comes from the wing of the ancient constellation 28 stars, and the star "Yu Heng" in the Seven Stars of the Big Dipper.
Hengshan was the place where the three emperors and the five emperors Yao, Shun and Yu patrolled the frontier and hunted and sacrificed to the community in the ancient times. There are more than 200 temples, temples, nunneries and kwangs on Hengshan Mountain. The god of Mount Hengshan is the fire god worshipped by folk, called Zhurong, who was appointed by the Yellow Emperor to guard Mount Hengshan, teach people to use fire and nurture all things, and was buried in the Red Emperor's Peak after his death. The two relics of Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism, are hidden in the vajra relic pagoda of Nantai Temple on Mount Heng. Four of the "72 Blessed Places and 36 Heavenly Caves" of Taoism are located in Mount Heng.
The main peak of Mount Hengshan, Zhurong Peak, is 1300.2 meters above sea level, the shortest of the Five Mountains. However, Mount Heng is not at all unknown, it is not inferior to Mount Tai, Mount Hua and Mount Song. On the contrary, in terms of Buddhist and Taoist stories alone, Mount Heng is more famous than the previous three. Of course, in terms of altitude, Mount Heng is the lowest of the five mountains, at 1,300 meters, far below Mount Hua's 2,154.9 meters, Mount Tai's 1,545 meters and Mount Song's 1,512 meters.
But the mountain is not high in the fairy is the spirit, the water is not deep, there is a dragon is the spirit. Qogory Peak is high, the second highest peak in the world, 8,611 meters above sea level; Gancheng Zhangjia Peak is high, the third highest peak in the world, 8,586 meters above sea level; Tomur Peak is high, 7,435 meters above sea level; Moustache Peak is high, 7,745 meters above sea level; Gonger Jiubei Peak is high, 7,530 meters above sea level; Gezhongkang Peak is high, 7,998 meters above sea level. But what do these mountains have? Nothing but snow-capped, glacial canyons. On the scenery, the western snowy mountains can be neglected.
The location of Mount Heng is the most southern of the five mountains, with abundant rainfall and dense vegetation, and the scenery is naturally lakes and mountains. The northern mountains, bare nothing, in addition to the pitch-black stones, can no longer find other features. For example, Mengliang Mountains, is a stone mountain, the 74th Division on Mengliang Mountains, is on the road to extinction. Not a drop of water, the soldiers are thirsty, heavy machine guns without water to cool down, the weather is hot, how can not defeat it! And then as in Inner Mongolia's Yinshan, it is dark, bare a series of mountains, what landscape is not.
In 1982, Hengshan was listed as one of the first national key scenic spots, and in 2006, it was selected as one of the first national natural and cultural heritage sites, and in May 2007, it was named one of the first national 5A tourist attractions, and in August 2007, it was listed as a national nature reserve.
Mount Everest in the north is the least famous of the five mountains and has the least presence. It is also the only 4A scenic spot among the five mountains (the other four mountains are 5A), located 10 km south of Hunyuan County, Datong City, Shanxi Province, at an altitude of 2016.8 meters, second only to Mount Huashan among the five mountains, in fact it is only more than 100 meters shorter than Mount Huashan, and this difference is almost negligible. However, since the foot of Mount Heng Shan is more than 1,000 meters above sea level, the net height is only a little over 1,000 meters, which is not significantly higher.
In terms of fame and face value, Mount Everest is the lowest, but with a deep cultural heritage, somewhat similar to Mount Tai. In contrast to other mountains in the north, Mount Heng is relatively lush with vegetation, high negative ion content, and cool in summer, making it an excellent place to travel and trek.
Mount Heng is a sacred Taoist site, and the famous Hanging Temple is located on Mount Heng. There are many other famous mountains around Mount Heng, such as Wutai Mountain, Taihang Mountain and Luliang Mountain, but none of them can be called "Yue", only Mount Heng can be called Beiyue, which has a special reason in history. In fact, the early Beiyue was not Mount Heng, that is to say, the name of Mount Heng as Beiyue is controversial. Not only Heng Shan, but also Heng Shan was not called Nan Yue in ancient times, and Hua Shan was first called Zhong Yue.
The Five Mountains were only formally formed during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, but at that time, Nan Yue referred to Mount Tianzhu. In the time of Emperor Xuan of Han, he called Mount Tai as the Eastern Mountains, Mount Hua as the Western Mountains, Mount Huo (Tianzhu Mountain) as the Southern Mountains, Mount Heng as the Northern Mountains, and Mount Song as the Central Mountains. During the Sui Dynasty, due to the expansion of territory and the unification of the country, Emperor Wen Yang Jian only issued an edict to determine Mount Hengshan in Hunan on the shore of Xiangjiang River as the Southern Mountains.
Among the Five Mountains, the Northern Mount Heng Shan is the most controversial, with many believing it does not deserve the title of the Northern Mountains. Without the majesty of Mount Tai, Mount Hua's precipitousness, the versatility of Mount Songshan and the beauty of Mount Heng, it is because it is in the north, it makes up the number to make up a northern mountain, belonging to a big bargain.
However, we should not forget that Hengshan does not refer exclusively to Tianfengling in Hunyuan County, it is a series of mountains stretching more than 1,000 miles from east to west, spanning two provinces, Shanxi and Hebei, with most of the mountains located near Datong City, which is also the border between Shanxi and Inner Mongolia.
In fact, the military significance of Mount Everest is even more important. It was a natural barrier for the Central Plains Dynasty against the invasion of nomads from the north, similar to the role of the ancient Great Wall. Yanmen Pass, Pingxing Pass, Niangzi Pass and Zijing Pass are all located in Mount Heng. Of course, if we talk about the imposing and handsome and scenery, Mount Heng is really not very good, after all, it is located in the northern bitter cold, the climate environment does not take advantage of.
On the contrary, Mount Everest is more worthy of the name of the Northern Mountains, not to teach the horse degree Yinshan well! In terms of military and political significance, Mount Heng is unique among the five mountains, and no other mountain can take its place.
Therefore, each of the five mountains has its own strengths, which have been deliberated and selected by people for thousands of years, and are certainly worthy of the name, without the slightest moisture. In ancient times, the Middle Kingdom, the Central Plains refers to the Henan generation, is a densely populated area, Mount Heng in the far north, the road is far away, inconvenient, so it seems remote, the fame is naturally lower. In addition, the northern Mount Everest in the end refers to which mountain, in history is controversial (one in Hebei, one in Shanxi).
Before the Ming Dynasty, Beiyue did not refer to this Heng Mountain between Hunyuan County and Shuozhou in Shanxi today, but to Damao Mountain in Fuping County in Hebei. It was only after Ming Chengzu moved the capital that Mount Damao became the southern part of the capital, and it seemed a bit incestuous to call it Beiyue again. Therefore, changing the location of the more northerly Mount Heng to the Northern Mountains is a matter of course.
In addition, there is another reason for the low fame of Hengshan, which is that it is too far north, beyond the coverage of the Central Plains culture. For thousands of years in China's history, Mount Everest has been under the control of the nomads in the north, making it difficult for the literati to visit and enjoy it, and failing to accumulate the humanistic atmosphere expected of a famous mountain and river. On the contrary, the situation of Mount Tai, Mount Songshan, Mount Huashan and Mount Heng is exactly the opposite of Mount Heng. Mount Tai, located in the middle of Shandong, is a unique mountain that rises from the ground. Mount Heng has Huiyanfeng and Yuelu Academy; Mount Hua is located near Chang'an, the ancient capital of the 13th dynasty; and Mount Song is located in the hinterland of the Central Plains, south of Luoyang. All of them are the core of ancient Confucian culture.
What's more, Heng Shan is a mountain range rather than a mountain peak. In the Heng Shan mountain range, there are eight peaks over 2,400 meters above sea level, and there are more peaks over 2,000 meters, which are countless. Against the backdrop of the peaks, the 2016-meter height of Tianfengling, the main peak of Heng Shan, appears as if it is not so prominent.
The Heng Shan mountain range is undulating and winding, with its peaks standing like a dragon creeping in the northwest of the mountain, which is indeed quite imposing, but lacks the feeling of "a view of the mountains" of Mount Tai.
Hengshan and Hengshan, as the Southern and Northern Mountains, both live up to their respective names. Otherwise, Jin Yong would not arrange a "Hengshan School" in the work. By the way, Mount Heng is also the birthplace of the Quanzhen religion it!