From Reagan to Trump:
Here's how stocks performed under each president
President Donald Trump has repeatedly pointed to the stock market as one of his preferred scorecards of his administration’s policies. Just this week, he tweeted, “Stock Market is heading for one of the best months (June) in the history of our Country. Thank you Mr. President!”
June 2019 has indeed been a good month for investors, with the S&P 500 gaining 6.3% so far. It’s on track to be the best June for stocks since 1955.
Cumulatively, during Trump’s presidency, stocks have gained 29% from inauguration day through June 27. That’s comparable to stock market performance in the first 613 trading days of the Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton presidencies.
It contrasts starkly, however, with market performance under two other modern presidents. At this same point in George W. Bush’s tenure, the S&P 500 had lost 26%, largely due to the dot-com bust and September 11th attacks earlier in his presidency. And under President Barack Obama, stocks had gained 59%, as they dug out of a deep hole triggered by the Great Recession.
CNN Business updates this tracker at the end of each month.
Diana Walker/Time Life Pictures/Getty Images
President Ronald Reagan’s first four years in the White House weren’t particularly lucrative for Wall Street.
Crushed by Federal Reserve Chairman Paul Volcker’s war on inflation, the economy stumbled into a brief recession in July 1981. Unemployment spiked to nearly 11%.
But Volcker’s rate hikes and Reagan’s corporate tax cuts eventually broke the back of inflation, setting the stage for rapid economic growth. Under Reagan, America drastically ramped up defense spending in a successful bid to bring down the Soviet Union.
Despite the strong economy, Wall Street suffered its worst day ever under Reagan. The Dow plunged an astonishing 22.6% on Black Monday — equaling about 5,500 points today.
Nonetheless, the S&P 500 posted five separate years of double-digit growth on the Gipper’s watch, including a 26% spike in 1985.
- Jan. 20, 1981 – Jan. 20, 1985
- Jan. 20, 1985 – Jan. 20, 1989
Ron Edmonds/AP Photo
George H.W. Bush
The economy and stock market surged in President George H. W. Bush’s first year in office. The S&P 500 climbed 27% in 1989.
But then the savings-and-loan crisis and Gulf War struck. Oil prices more than doubled after Iraq invaded Kuwait. Growth slowed, and the American economy slipped into a mild recession in July 1990.
While the recession ended in March 1991, the recovery was choppy. Two years later, unemployment remained around 7%. The sluggish economy led to Bush’s defeat in 1992.
- Jan. 20, 1989 – Jan. 20, 1993
The roaring 1990s were very kind to Wall Street.
Stocks spiked — the S&P 500 increased 210% under President Bill Clinton — as investors celebrated the rise of the Internet and brisk economic growth. Clinton presided over two of the S&P 500’s top 10 years: 1995 and 1997.
GDP topped 4% in five of Clinton’s eight years in the White House. Inflation remained stable. Unemployment dipped below 4%. And the United States enjoyed the longest period of uninterrupted economic growth in modern history.
The era was punctuated by the dotcom boom, which amounted to the creation of an entirely new industry. The Nasdaq spiked sevenfold between 1993 and its peak in early 2000. The mania created vast amounts of wealth — much of which would disappear as the bubble inevitably popped.
- Jan. 20, 1993 – Jan. 20, 1997
- Jan. 20, 1997 – Jan. 20, 2001
J. Scott Applewhite/AP Photo
George W. Bush
Investors who bet that a businessman in the White House would translate into strong returns were badly disappointed during President George W. Bush’s presidency.
The S&P 500 declined 40% under Bush, the worst among modern administrations.
Bush inherited the dotcom bust, which spawned the 2001 recession. The downturn was deepened by the 9/11 terror attacks.
Growth gathered steam in 2004 and 2005, fueled in part by low interest rates and the housing boom. But that bubble also popped in spectacular fashion, ushering in the Great Recession and the scariest financial crisis in a generation.
In the final quarter of Bush’s tenure, GDP plummeted at an 8.4% annual rate. Unemployment began rising rapidly. The S&P 500 plummeted 38% in 2008, its worst year since the Great Depression.
- Jan. 20, 2001 – Jan. 20, 2005
- Jan. 20, 2005 – Jan. 20, 2009
The Wall Street meltdown continued during the first few months of President Barack Obama’s presidency.
The financial and auto industries teetered on the brink of collapse before government bailouts saved them both. Unemployment would peak at 10% in 2009, doubling in barely a year.
The stock market bottomed out in March 2009, but then the economy slowly healed, beginning what would eventually become the longest bull market in American history.
Digging out of the depths of the Great Recession was a long and slow process, though. Annual GDP growth never topped 3% in the Obama era.
Hoping to juice the economy, the Fed kept pumping easy money into the system. The unprecedented experiment helped send stocks soaring — the S&P 500 nearly tripled during the Obama era — but also contributed to wealth inequality and populism.
- Jan. 20, 2009 – Jan. 20, 2013
- Jan. 20, 2013 – Jan. 20, 2017
President Donald Trump’s upset victory initially fueled a breathtaking rally in the stock market.
The billionaire’s pro-business agenda of tax cuts, deregulation and infrastructure spending carried the Dow from 18,332 on Election Day above 21,000 by March 2017.
Trump’s signature legislative achievement – the tax overhaul – sent the market boom into overdrive. The Dow eventually surged above 26,000. Economic growth accelerated above 4% in mid-2018. Corporate profits spiked. And the unemployment rate plunged below 4%.
But since then, markets have been in for a choppier ride. The Trump rally lost some steam at the end of 2018 amid jitters over international trade. By April 2019, the market was breaching all-time highs again. In May, fears of a trade war ramped up again, and in June, investors’ wishful thinking for a trade deal between the U.S. and China once again led stocks higher.
Cumulatively, stocks are up 29% from Trump’s inauguration to the market close on June 27, 2019.