The staircase is a rather unusual element of the living room. In typical (especially-panel) houses there are practically no two-storey apartments, so the stairs in the living room are most often found in cottages. This element should successfully fit into the overall interior of the housing, while maintaining its functionality. It could be in the living room if this room is big enough. Otherwise, it is better to install this design in a spacious hall. The ladder should be comfortable and strong. With the exception of cases when on the second floor above the living room and hallway is a storeroom, which come very rarely. Then the ladder can only play a decorative role. However, if the family has small children, you still need to take care of the strength of the steps and the safety of the railing. The room with the stairs looks stylish and impressive, so it is not necessary to hide.
The interior features a living room with a staircase
The interior of the living room with stairs should be worked out in advance. This design should be included in the design project at the very first stage of development. The place for its installation should be chosen taking into account ergonomics, so that the staircase does not interfere with the functionality of the room. If desired, under it you can equip a small kitchen, office, bathroom or pantry. And a small room will even have a door, and closed with a key. If desired, it can be turned into a cozy play area for children with soft colored Ottomans and a Swedish wall. But this space can be left free. This solution will make the living room more spacious and lighter. Such designs are placed not only next to the walls, but also in the middle of the room, which looks chic and modern. On the edge of the steps you can put:
- -large pots of flowers;
- -elegant floor lamps;
- -book stands, etc.
The staircase is an original addition to the decoration of the living room. This design can effectively emphasize design ideas. A wide classic staircase makes the living room more status, and an interesting design of metal steps, as if flying through the air, once again emphasizes the futuristic and avant-garde style of the interior. To give the interior individuality experts advise to play with the lighting. For example, set the backlight of a certain color on each step. The presence of a staircase in the living room expands the possibilities of room decoration. The staircase visually increases the area of the room and connects the first floor with the second. This design allows you to harmoniously fit into the interior overall items: they can simply be installed under it without loss of functionality.
The presence of stairs in the living room has its drawbacks. First, this room will become in fact a gateway. It will not be possible to retire or sit quietly with friends. If the second floor will lead only one staircase, and it will be in the living room, you will not get to go down unnoticed. For example, if a family member does not want to contact guests. Secondly, because of this design, the noise insulation of the room is significantly reduced. The living room will hear all the sounds from the second floor. Third, the living room is the hallmark of the house, so traditionally it is decorated more beautiful and richer than other rooms. The staircase in the living room should correspond to the rest of the interior, and therefore it will have to be made of expensive materials. If it is located in the corridor, the design can be saved.
To the stairs installed in the living room, impose certain technical requirements.
At installation of these designs it is necessary to be guided by standards of SNiP and requirements of GOST. Stairs should be comfortable and safe. According to GOST, its angle of inclination should be in the range from 26 to 45 degrees, and for screw structures the maximum value of the angle of inclination is 35 degrees. GOST also determines the size of the steps. The steps should be the same size. Their width depends on personal preferences, but it is not recommended to make steps already 60 cm. Turning to Marsha, this value should be around 70-80 cm, and for conventional meter, but in terms of duplex apartments or small private houses compact stairs can have a width of a March of 80 cm In one flight shall be not less than 3 and no more than 16 steps, ending with sites. The design of the railing is designed in advance. Railings and vertical racks are made taking into account the design load with a small margin.
The staircase in the living room can be in any part of the room, but it is better when choosing its location to take into account individual preferences, the chosen interior style, layout and area of the room. To reduce the perception of the living room as a walk-through room, the stair structure is mounted directly at the door. If you want to zone the room, you can install it in the center of the room. Stairs without railings or with minimal fencing should be installed near the wall and away from the fireplace equipment (if available) to reduce the risk of injury. Stair construction should not " eat " the usable area or overlap important elements (for example, a conventional fireplace or electric fireplace). It should be placed in such a way that there is enough free space (about 2 m) above the head of the person rising. If possible, this design should be installed near the window to provide comfortable natural light.
Arrangement of space under the stairs
Before arranging the space under the stairs you need to make sure that there are no important communications. If they are present, they must be something(for example, drywall) carefully closed and sealed with soundproof material. Under the stairs you can equip a full storage room, a corner of household appliances (put a washing machine and dishwasher), a wardrobe, a place to store food, a small wine cellar, an additional bathroom or office. There are many options for the design of this space. It is necessary to focus on the needs of family members and the overall style of the living room. In the niche under the steps you can equip an extra bed for guests with a retractable bed or install a compact kitchen set without a gas stove, if the living room is combined with the kitchen.
How to choose
The staircase can be an accent of the room, but it should correspond to the General style of the room. Therefore, you need to determine in advance the type of interior design of the living room. We must try to connect the rooms on the first and second floors in style with the design of the staircase. For the living room suitable small compact staircase that takes up little space in the room. Bulky designs will only get in the way. The selected material depends on the design of the room. Stair structures in the classical style are usually made of wood or metal. Stairs made in the Renaissance style are usually made of environmentally friendly natural materials. Rustic motifs in the interior suggest the installation of stairs exclusively made of wood. For high-tech style suitable stair construction of metal.
On fastenings and designs
There are many types of stair structures and types of mounts for them. Standard staircase consists of fences, steps, Central supports, fixtures and other elements. Fences provide security, but they may be absent within the design solution. Such designs look impressive, but are not suitable for homes with young children or pensioners. Often stairs have platforms. They need to be put, if there are elderly people in the family, it's just convenient. Typically, the type of stair structure and fixtures is determined by the area of the room, the height of the ceilings, the overall style of the room and the materials from which the steps will be made. Bearing elements of the structure must be as strong as possible and meet all the requirements of GOST and SNiP. Stairs should be strong and functional, and only then – beautiful and stylish.
Straight single-flight staircase is considered the easiest to manufacture, and therefore it is designed in private homes. It fits well into any interior. One indirect construction staircase with zabezhnymi stages with one or both of the parties are when it is impossible to put a normal straight ladder, but because you need to slightly change it's direction. This is typical for small living rooms. A straight staircase with a platform or a construction with running steps and a platform are installed in houses with high ceilings. A straight two-or three-flight staircase, which has parallel marches and a platform (or two) between them,is also installed in houses with high ceilings for the rational use of the room area. Г-shaped design are always mounted to the wall to save considerable amount of space.
Helical, curved, helical and other stairways with winder treads are installed for the sound and ergonomics to give the room personality.
There are several basic types of stair mounts. The open strings is mounting. When in the beams are cut-outs in the form of a comb under the tread and risers. They can be seen from the side of the end of the stage, if it is not covered with panels. The bowstring is a method of mounting in which the support beams of bore grooves for the treads on the inside. The end of the stairs muffled closed. Rails is a special mount frameless stairs. In fact, the boltsy are large metal bolts in the wall, on which the steps are held. Boltsy look unreliable, but they are able to withstand the weight of 1.5 tons! Screw in ladder designs as a support used sturdy rack made from thick-walled metal pipes of diameters from 5 cm. They are mounted vertically without any tilt.
In avant-garde styles perfectly fit the design of glass, and for high-tech will be ideal metal stairs. Metal structures are very durable, reliable and relatively inexpensive. The tree can be used in almost any design project. It ennobles any room, giving it a sense of comfort. Today stairs made of solid oak, beech, ash or larch are very popular among owners of private houses. Concrete stairs are no less popular due to their fire-fighting qualities and ability to withstand heavy loads. But they are only suitable for houses with strong walls (not made of wood!), because concrete weighs a lot. Often these stairs are lined with ceramic tiles. Stair structures made of stone have a solid appearance. Stairs made of natural stone look luxurious, but expensive, and the design of artificial stone can gradually fade under the influence of sunlight. All of the above materials can be successfully combined with each other.
Types of stairs
The choice of a variety of stair designs is due to the General style of the hall and individual preferences of homeowners. All stairs can be divided into the main straight, curved, and helical structures on the rails. Straight flight stairs-a simple familiar design with steps, railings and interstory platforms. Curved stairs can have one or more turning radii. Screw structures are a twisted spiral of steps, railings and metal mounting – rack. If a spiral staircase is installed, it is necessary to install a straight flight, because spiral structures are not suitable for carrying heavy objects (for example, furniture). Stairs to the Bolza is a modern design, which have steps and railings are attached directly to the wall with metal bolts.
Design and styles
For each design there is a way of decoration of stair structures. The Egyptian style suggests the presence of an original spectacular ornament, the Greek impresses with a stylish handrail ligature, and the Romanesque amazes with thoroughness. Stairs in the Roman and classical styles are laconic, and in the Gothic represent an unusual combination of bright colors and gloom. Indian stairs are multi-colored, and Japanese (as well as stairs in the style of minimalism) - simple and functional. Designs in Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, art Deco or Empire styles are complex and royally luxurious.
For stairs in the art Nouveau style is characterized by a plexus of techniques and thoroughness. Country pleases simplicity and comfort. Provence involves light shades and floral motifs. Stair structures in the style of constructivism are characterized by simple geometry and the presence of a turning platform. High-tech is characterized by manufacturability of all elements. A staircase in the style of kitsch contain inappropriate parts and materials.
All stair lights should be as safe as possible in operation. Lighting can be ceiling, wall, local and decorative. When the ceiling light above the stairs hang chandeliers with pendants or without them. This method is ideal for classic interiors. Also, the stairs can be illuminated with wall sconces. This is the easiest way of lighting. For local lighting characteristic of the lighting of individual ladder sections (e.g., marches or platform). For these purposes, you can take halogen or diode lamps, integrated into the system "Smart home". That is, they light up when a person is on the step. Decorative lighting is necessary to give a certain atmosphere to the house. It is an addition to the main lighting and is usually switched on during any celebrations.
Living room with stairs should be decorated stylishly and beautifully. Do not ignore the General rules of construction of the design project. It is necessary to reasonably combine colors and materials. Stair construction should not stand out from the General style. It can be emphasized, but within the existing design. You need to carefully plan the location of the stairs in the house, because in the future it will be difficult to move it to another place. As for the material of the staircase structure, its choice depends on the financial capacity of the homeowner and the style of the interior. Some materials may simply not fit into an already agreed design project. If the living room is not the main staircase to the second floor, you can experiment with its design, for example, to make a screw or frameless.
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