On July 13, 1978, Anatob Bugorsky, a 36-year-old Soviet particle physicist, came to work as usual at the Institute of High Energy Physics in Plotvino, Moscow.
His main job was to maintain the U-70 synchrotron, the largest particle gas pedal in the Soviet Union at the time, but it was while Bugorsky was checking various pieces of equipment around the gas pedal that he suddenly discovered that one of the gas pedal's modules was malfunctioning.
Seeing this, Bugorsky immediately set out to troubleshoot the problem. After checking several places, no problem was found and Bugorsky thought there might be a problem with the gas pedal channel, so he reported this to the console.
In the meantime, Bugorski added that he would arrive at the failure area in five minutes, and the console said it would remove the proton beam in five minutes to match his inspection.
Here we start with a brief description of particle gas pedals, so-called particle gas pedals, which accelerate electrons or protons at very high speeds to produce beams of charged particles for various research purposes.
And the charged particles, after repeatedly passing through the accelerating field, gain more and more energy and their speed increases until they are accelerated to near the speed of light, at which point these beams contain high doses of radiation that are very harmful to currently known life forms.
However, when a gas pedal fails, there is usually no option to just shut it down, because it takes at least half a month to warm up for the start-up of a large gas pedal of that kind at that time.
Moreover, cooling also takes at least half a month, and it will take at least half a year to get the gas pedal running at full power.
In other words, if you easily stop running the gas pedal, it will cause a lot of time and energy waste, which is more than worth it in scientific research, but the gas pedal can also fail, especially when the gas pedal internal problems, how to repair it?
Generally speaking, if the ring of the gas pedal fails, the console will direct the energetic particles inside the ring to the thick concrete wall, which will block the energetic particles, and then the staff will have no problem entering for repairs.
This is why Bugorsky reported to the console that he would go to troubleshoot the problem in 5 minutes, he just wanted to leave enough time for the console to direct the energetic particles to the concrete wall.
But Bugorsky underestimated his walking speed and he reached the failure area early, which would not have been a problem, because if the energetic particles had not been directed to the concrete wall, the warning light next to it would have stayed on.
What he didn't know, however, was that the safety mechanism had failed at this point, and the warning light was not on, but the gas pedal was still running because the console hadn't had time to direct the energetic particles to the concrete wall.
At this point, if Bugorsky stuck his head into the gas pedal channel, he would suffer irreversible radiation danger, but Bugorsky did not know, so he stuck his head into the gas pedal channel to check.
Sure enough, as soon as Bugorsky's head reached into the gas pedal, his head was aligned in the direct path of the main proton beam, which immediately shot through the left back of his head and out the left side of his nose at near the speed of light.
Bugorsky later recalled that he saw a flash of light brighter than a thousand suns suddenly appear before his eyes, and although there was no pain or discomfort, Bugorsky, who is a particle physicist, certainly knew what it meant.
However, the dedicated Bugorsky initially did not tell anyone about this, and after confirming with the console again a few minutes later that the high-energy particles had been directed to the concrete wall, he continued his inspection work.
After troubleshooting, Bugorski carefully completed his work for the day and did not leave the Institute of High Energy Physics to return home normally until the end of the day had arrived.
But that night, Bugorsky felt the abnormality, the left side of his face began to swell, so that he did not sleep the whole night, the next day came to the unit, all colleagues noticed the abnormality, he then told everyone about yesterday's experience.
His colleagues calculated that the radiation running through Bugorsky's brain was about 200,000 rads, and studies have shown that a normal person who is exposed to a radiation dose of 500 rads has a high probability of dying within 14 days.
In other words, Bugorsky was exposed to 400 times the lethal amount of radiation, and although he knew that Bugorsky would probably not be saved, his colleagues took him to Moscow Hospital No. 6, the most authoritative hospital for the treatment of radiation at that time.
After examination, doctors found that the proton beam passed through the back of the left side of his head, through the occipital lobe of the brain, the temporal lobe, the left middle ear, and finally out the left side of his nose, all of which were damaged by the proton beam penetration.
Moreover, by now the left side of Bugorsky's face was swollen and badly deformed, the hair on the back of his head had begun to fall out, and the skin around the location penetrated by the proton beam was falling off.
Doctors believe that although this radiation is not the same as nuclear radiation, which only affects the area hit by the beam, but after all, it is the brain damage, and the dose is also so high that doctors concluded that Bugorsky has been hopeless, and even life only a few days.
Bugorsky was not surprised by this, because he was aware of this end from the moment he was hit by the beam, and he made a note of his state in his diary.
Bugorsky intended to write down all his feelings after being exposed to radiation for future generations to study, so over the next few days, he continued to write in his diary, despite the fact that Bugorsky was in great distress.
But to everyone's surprise, after some time, although Bugorsky's left face began to be paralyzed, his left ear was close to deafness, and he had occasional clonic epilepsy, he did not die, but pulled through.
After a detailed examination of Bugorsky, the doctors concluded that the odds are that he survived because the proton beam was fast and did not immediately release all the radiation dose, so this radiation did not leave much in his body.
Moreover, the area hit by the proton beam is not the most important part of the brain such as hippocampus and frontal lobe, which is equivalent to the proton beam burning a hole in his brain, destroying part of the tissues and nerves, and not affecting other places.
At the same time, the environment he was in was not a vacuum, and the air consumed part of the proton beam energy. If the proton beam had hit a vital area of his brain, a blood vessel, or a location such as the heart or artery, he would probably have been killed on the spot.
But doctors continue to insist that he won't live too long because the radiation will likely damage his DNA double strands and bases, causing his cells to fail to replicate properly.
This means that after the old cells die, new cells cannot be produced so that the organ tissues will go to death and Bugorsky will naturally lose his life.
Moreover, this high dose of radiation, the probability is that it will also cause the cells in his body to become cancerous and he will eventually develop cancer, so no matter what, Bugorsky will not survive for too long.
It can be said that the doctor's analysis was fine according to the situation, but a miracle happened to Bugorski, who recovered after about 1.5 years and recovered from the scars on the back of his head and face.
Although, eventually, Bugorsky's left face was completely paralyzed and his left ear was completely deaf, other problems did not show up and his IQ was not affected, and he later not only continued his research work on the subject, but also successfully obtained his PhD.
Of course, during this process, Bugorsky had frequent seizure symptoms, and he thought it was likely that he had a tumor in his brain, but every time he was examined, everything in his brain was normal.
However, the accident also left Bugorsky with some of the after-effects. In addition to frequent epilepsy, he feels significant fatigue after long hours of mental work, and tinnitus continues to plague him.
Born on June 25, 1942, Bugorsky is now about to turn 80 years old, and although he still needs to go to the hospital for regular reviews, such a high life expectancy is considered a miracle among misfortunes.
And, very interestingly, years later someone compared the left and right sides of Bugorsky's face and found that the wrinkles on the left side of his face were almost invisible, so some people mistakenly believe that radiation can make people stay young forever.
In fact, this is completely wrong. The reason why the difference between the left and right sides of Bugorsky's face is so big is that the left side of his face is completely paralyzed and can't make any expressions, so naturally there won't be any wrinkles.
In fact, modern scientific research shows that although penetrating radiation is very harmful, it is not the most deadly; it is the human body's intake of radionuclides through breathing or food that is the most deadly.
However, through this incident of Bugorsky, it also makes me full of respect for the selflessness of scientists who, after suffering from radiation, still insisted on completing their work, and insisted on returning to work after recovery, which definitely deserves people's admiration.
This reminds me of Deng Jiaxian, the father of two bombs in China, who went to the experimental site alone in an experiment without regard for his personal safety and was exposed to high doses of radiation, and eventually died of cancer a few months later.
In fact, everyone knows the dangers of radiation, especially scientists understand this, they are not afraid of death, only in front of the national interest, they choose to face the danger.
The country has strength, the people have the bottom. The country is strong precisely because there are countless people like Deng Jiaxian who dared to face the risks and were not afraid of sacrifice, and their silent dedication has created the happy life we have today.
So, compared with those stars, netflix, they are the people who deserve our greatest admiration, which there is nothing quiet years, just someone to carry the weight for us, it is their existence, so that we can proudly say today.
East Wind Express, Mission Accomplished!
Dear friends, what other people do you know who are silent and dedicated? Welcome to leave a message to discuss, if you like, don't forget to like to follow me, your support is the best motivation for my code, thank you!
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