The main theme of "Dream of the Red Chamber" is "death", but what it really wants to express is "prosperity". In the original text, Cao Xueqin lays out a large number of plots and clues in this regard. The death of several families is used to set off the importance of "Xing".
The Dream of the Red Chamber opens with the fact that Yan Shiyin has no children and only one daughter. This represents death in the ancient concept of family succession.
As expected, with the loss of Yan Yinglian, Yan Shiyin's family was involved in a fire at the Hulu Temple, and the family was destroyed.
However, the death of Yan Shiying's family led to the "rise" of Jia Yucun. This is the essence of the world's rise and fall.
At that time, Jia Yucun's family was in ruin, and he was the only one left with a mouthful of two shoulders. He was determined to study for the imperial examinations, and with the financial support of Yan Shiyin, he won the entrance examinations and rose up the ranks.
The death of Yan Shiyin brings out the two basic elements of "death", namely, the problem of heirs and calamity.
Jia Yucun's Xing points out that the essence of "Xing" is to break through and make progress, and that the imperial examination was a path to "prosperity" in that era.
Then, Jia Yucun draws out the Lin Ruhai family, which is an amalgam of concentrated rise and fall.
Lin family four generations of marquis, a few generations of single heir, to Lin Ruhai when there is no title, and the children are difficult, it is to see the "death" of.
But the Lin family heritage made Lin Ruohai won the imperial examinations, and once again "Xing" Lin family. So, he not only gave birth to a daughter, but also a son.
But the "rise" is not easy, "death" is simple. The accident occurred after Lin Ruhai was appointed to the salt imperial court, his son died, his wife died, he finally died in office, but in the daughter sent to his mother-in-law's home, Daiyu escaped. But the Lin family "died".
From the "death" of Lin Ruhai, the "disaster" of the officialdom is shown to be higher than the natural and man-made disaster of Yan Shiying. And Lin Ruhai's "death" shows the cruelty of the "interest" struggle. The struggle for power and wealth is the essence of "death".
Thus, Cao Xueqin used only two times to explain clearly the "death and rise".
The dead, natural and man-made disasters, and struggles for profit.
Those who rise, break and rise again in the east.
The rise and fall of the Jia family is built on natural and man-made disasters and struggles for profit. Of course, the final ending is also broken and rise again.
"The Minzu decadence all from the respect, family affairs perish the first crime rather."
Qin Keqing's [good deeds end] piece, pointing out the reality of the Jia family "good deeds" end.
Qin Keqing, as the first grandson-in-law of the Jia family, died without giving birth, foreshadowing the "premature death" of the heir to the Jia family. This is the same situation as the succession of Yan Shiying and Lin Ruhai.
Unfortunately, the first granddaughter-in-law of the Rongguo House, Wang Xifeng, is also "childless". The Jia family completely suffered the mistakes of the Lin and Zhen families.
The heir is cut off is an aspect of the "death", quite accidental. And the Jia family's death of the first elder and branches, the real impact is the selection and training of the heir.
"all from the Jing" "the first crime Ning" seems to say that the Jia family's defeat from the inaction of Jia Jing, did not train a good heir, Ning Guofu is the culprit of the defeat. In fact, there are several layers of meaning.
First of all, Leng Zixing speech Rongguo House, speaking of other people's origins are used "birth", only Jia Jing used the word "foster", although foster also has the meaning of birth, but also the meaning of "adoption".
From Jiao Da's complete contempt for Jia Jing, Jia Zhen, and Jia Rong, it is presumed that Jia Jing, like Emperor Jia Jing of the Ming Dynasty, was adopted as a minor clan into the major clan.
The demise of the Ming dynasty is believed to have begun with the entry of the minor clan into the major clan of Jiajing, and the demise of the Jia family is also believed to have been caused by the inappropriate choice of successor, Jia Jing.
Secondly, Jia Jing was really not a good heir. Although he was gifted and successful in the imperial examinations, he was not interested in running the household as a family.
The hereditary title of the Duke of Ning was given up by him to pass on to his son. Ningguo House lost its hereditary second rank and corresponding title property, which was equivalent to losing a generation and declining extremely fast.
He also let his son Jia Zhen go unchecked, Jia Zhen's poor character and behavior without quality. Ningguo House in the hands of such an heir, how good it is!
Jia Jing's inaction, harmed the Ningguo House also dragged Jia family.
Finally, respect is "reverence", for the ruler to respect the hearts and minds of heaven and earth, and for the minister to respect the benevolence of the ruler and ministers.
The rule of a country and a family lies in respecting people and oneself, so that they can flourish. If you are "peaceful", you will be "rich and lustful" and will eventually destroy yourself.
The "Ning" of Ningguo House and the "Jing" of Jia Jing highlight the end of the Jia family, a hereditary noble family that disrespected the imperial grace and brought about its own demise. It echoes the ending of the family later on.
In turn, and then say "Xing", compared to Yan Shiying, Jia Yucun, Jia Yucun, the rise of prosperity, his wife Jiao Xing is a "fluke".
And Leng Zixing speech Rongguofu, from the mouth of the "Xing" to say "death", the same is a contrast.
Jia Yucun and Jia family even clan, he rose through the ranks, living in the "Hing Lung Street" of the grandfather. Jia family but increasingly declining.
Of course, "fortune is a curse". Jia Yucun also represents his personal rise and fall, from decline to rise and then to decline. The "rise and fall" is the embodiment and result of his lifelong pursuit of fame and fortune, and his deep involvement in fame and fortune. The "Song of Good Fortune" by the Crippled Daoist is a perfect interpretation.
It is said that the rise and fall of individuals is only a small-scale impact. But Jia Yucun villain's influence is huge, his "death" to pull others together. So behind the death of the Jia family, is the villain Jia Yucun [jade in the casket for a good price, hairpin in the trousseau to fly when] the betrayal.
Jia Yucun's betrayal framed, to have the Rongguo House Jia Zheng second house and Jia Baoyu "meet the wrong" end. The fourth appearance of Feng Yuan, as well as by Jia Yucun framed "stone dull - son" story are all ambush.
It can be seen that "prosperity" is also a curse, and death is also a "curse".
Jia Yucun interpreted the "virtue does not match the position will have disaster", speaking of human nature!
The Jia family interpreted "arrogance, arrogance, disloyalty and disobedience" and spoke of benevolence!
Without humanity and without benevolence, we are bound to "die"!
Of course, the meaning of "death" is to break and then establish. After a family raid, Jia family was completely uprooted. Belonging to the era of Ning Rong Er Gong ended. Rats scattered from a sinking ship, but the Jia family finally broke out of the family's heritage.
The fifth generation of Jia family members, such as Jia Lan, Jia Fungus, and Jia Yun, have made a wonderful "Xing" in their respective fields. And Jia Tanchun even made a big splash overseas. It is another story of "Xing".
Above! Whether it is correct or not, on behalf of the June paper elegant Kan red building on "Dream of the Red Chamber" a sense, chat for interpretation it!
Text｜June paper elegantly kan red building
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