He was the father of Chinese spaceflight, the king of rocket Qian Xuesen's handpicked successor, he had many titles, two bombs and one star, the International Academy of Astronautics, Dongfanghong No. 1 satellite chief of technology, etc., in space, one third of China's spacecraft from his hands, someone said, Sun's life, is a Chinese space history! But for him, fame and fortune are like passing clouds, his favorite title, only "Chinese spaceman"!
In 2020, at the opening ceremony of the Big Dipper, an old man with a silver head was pushed into the venue, and the moment he appeared, the whole crowd immediately stood up and paid him the highest respect.
In 2007, Chang'e 1 was successfully launched and all the staff shed tears of excitement. Sun Lao, as the chief engineer, should appear in the most solemn image, but after giving his deep blessing, he immediately turned his head and held a handkerchief to cover his face and cried, a scene that was captured by the reporters present just in time and spread to major media websites, instantly bringing tears to the nation. Of course, these were tears of excitement.
In life, Sun Lao is a personable, joking, often smiling old man, a reporter interview, he said at the time was China's satellite liftoff, NASA director came to visit, the process, the other side said there is a problem puzzled, said here, Sun Lao laugh, because the other side do not understand, in that environment, the Chinese how to get out, which is a miracle. . And behind the pride and laughter of Sun was the pain and sweat of many Chinese astronauts.
In this issue, let's take a look at the history of China's spaceflight through Mr. Sun Jiadong, and see how much these obscure people have done for the rise of China in those unknown corners. How many difficulties and hardships have they experienced in the process? Do you support the development of China's space industry in front of the video? If so, you can type the three words I support at the top of the screen to help China's space technology to the next level. If you like the video, you can also long press the like button to add attention, your support is the greatest motivation for my creation!
Sun Jia Dong's growth experience
Born in 1929 in Liaoning, Northeast China, Mr. Sun Jiadong showed an unusual talent for learning when he was young. At the age of six, he started attending school officially, but because he was left-handed, the village school refused to accept him, believing that it would bring influence to the school and forced him out of school. No, for future glory, this difficulty is not worth mentioning, soon, he taught himself to write with his right hand, a year later, he was able to use his right hand proficiently, and when he arrived in Yingkou, he was able to alternate between left and right hand, playing table tennis, I have to say, if he engaged in the national ping industry, it is estimated that is the "big magic" Zhang Yining idol.
In 1942, at the age of 13, Sun Jiadong entered Harbin No. 1 Higher Education School, majoring in civil engineering, because he had the best grades in every subject. Six years later, Sun graduated and was admitted to Harbin Institute of Technology, where he began his legendary career in the Air Force with a meal of roast pork.
At that time, he started studying Russian in the preparatory class and then transferred to the automotive department. At that time, when the Sino-Soviet friendship treaty was signed, the other side promised to help the new China in many aspects, including the formation of the air force. The selection of talents by the leadership was in full swing. On the Lantern Festival in 1950, students went home to have a reunion dinner, and the streets were full of bustling and red-hot atmosphere, with smiles on people's faces, but the preparatory class of Harvard University arranged for students to have dinner at the school and said that they could eat red meat, which was extremely difficult to get a bowl of red meat in those days, and most students chose to stay for the red meat, and Sun was no exception , he also planned to rush to his sister's house after dinner to reunite together.
Dinner time, the leader came, he announced a major news, in order to speed up the pace of the construction of the new Chinese Air Force, the troops came to the school enrollment, that night at eight o'clock will go to Beijing, the students present enthusiasm was ignited, after all, that age group of students, most of them are baptized by the war, understand the importance of military strength, therefore, the number of applicants is very large, and Sun finally as an emergency Russian translator talent, successfully selected . The following year after entering the Air Force, a great opportunity was just around the corner. In order to train senior technicians, Sun and a total of thirty people selected from other places went to study at the Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Institute in the Soviet Union, majoring in aircraft manufacturing technology, and this batch of their talents was the first batch of publicly sent students to study abroad after the founding of New China.
Study in the Soviet Union
After they really arrived in the Soviet Union, they were shocked at the huge gap between China and foreign countries in science and technology, according to Sun's recollection, a group of big boys took the subway for the first time, after the car came, we humbled each other, you let me advanced, I let you advanced, and finally let a while, the car went, no one into. Only later did we learn that this is called "automatic door". It was this experience that made the Chinese students strive to become the hardest working group of people in the school. These people have only one common wish: to return home after their studies and serve the motherland.
As for how to work on it? We can find out through the study results. At that time, this Soviet college had an incentive system, in which students who got full marks in all subjects in the exams would have their photos placed on the school's star list, which was a two-inch photo in the first academic year, and in the following years, if they could keep it up, the photo would be enlarged and gradually moved up, equivalent to a pyramidal rank, with the number of people getting smaller as they went up. With his belief in serving his country, Sun Jiadong was always at the top of the star list until the end, when he became a "campus myth" because of his full marks in consecutive years, with his big photo occupying the highest and most prominent position on the list. During his study here, Sun had a book he liked very much, "Engineering Cybernetics", of course in Russian, and the author of this book was Qian Xuesen, who later influenced his life.
The road back to fame begins
In 1958, Sun Jiadong returned to China after his studies. Before that, he was awarded the All-Soviet Stalin Gold Medal, which theoretically gives the recipient the right to choose a job first, with a high salary and good treatment, but he resolutely returned to his homeland, which was poor at that time, and his salary might not even be $20. The main research here was the imitation and modification of Soviet missiles. At that time, Qian Xuesen was already a great scientist who had shocked the world and was also their manager, the director of the institute. Sun never thought that this great scientist would be his future leader in the field of space.
During this period of missile research, Sun resolved his marriage, which is also legendary, because at that time, long after the age of parental order, lovers were not conservative, but not as open as now, but Sun and his wife were a "flash" marriage, knowing each other for only one hundred and eight days and having met only twice, they got married. In Sun's recollection, young people engaged in astronauts are too difficult to "get off" because they are too busy, working nearly 20 hours a day, almost no holidays, it is easy to find time to meet an object, but also no time to date, plus most of their work is extremely confidential, the requirements of the lover is also relatively high, many girls can not understand, only Think is not care, and soon yellow.
Talking about his single experience, Sun is very excited, said back from the Soviet Union, he has been considered an older youth, and then in a Qingming Festival, happened to go to a friend's house to borrow a camera, the other party introduced his daughter-in-law's classmates to him, May Day of the same year, using a short holiday, he ran to Harbin to see his wife Wei Suping, they met at first sight, the three views on the issue of home country, the wife so, what more could a husband want? More than a hundred days later, Wei Suping came to Beijing alone with the account book, to complete the marriage matters. After the marriage, it was the norm to get together and be away from each other, and the wife was in charge of all the affairs at home.
However, because of work, Wei Suping heart is more or less sad, according to her recollection, once her husband called in the outer room, saw the door open, the wife in the corridor, he kicked the door shut, isolating the two people, Wei Suping is very sad, the call actually avoided her? Later, slowly get used to, she can vaguely guess her husband's work, but really sure or after three years. I have to say, the research worker's family, not at all ordinary people can compare, if not in the heart of everyone, how can support the small family?
In the memories of both husband and wife, there is a common grateful name, Qian Xuesen, and when mentioning Qian, the elderly Sun always exclaims, "A benefactor!" During his time in the missile research group, Sun was very motivated and soon became the group leader, and Qian gave him a lot of advice in the process. In the following ten years, Sun participated in the development of China's first missile test explosion, followed by the atomic bomb and the hydrogen bomb, etc. All these breakthroughs meant that China had the confidence in the world. In 1967, along with the successful test explosion of the hydrogen bomb, Sun also ushered in the beginning of his satellite career. The State decided to set up the China Academy of Space Technology, and Qian personally named him as the chief designer of the first artificial satellite.
At that time, under the siege of the United States and the Soviet Union, it was much harder for us to get a breakthrough. Importantly, at that time, the motherland was already so far behind in this area that not only the United States and the Soviet Union, but also France had launched its own satellite, and Japan was also preparing in earnest, so this Chinese satellite had to be stunning enough, and it had to be made in the shortest possible time with the best quality.
But this challenge is obviously too difficult, because there is no external technical support, no experience to learn from, before their team was exposed to missiles, did not pay too much attention to the satellite field, but we know that the motherland needs, you have to go on, will not, can learn.
In this way, the team began the difficult road of seeking the first star in China. And this team of retrograde walkers was later called the "Eighteen Warriors of Space". In order to speed up the progress, he innovatively proposed to simplify the task of satellite engineering, that is, to manufacture satellites according to the needs, and then "to go up, to catch, to see, to hear" became the final design policy. It is this simple, uncomplicated and extremely grounded idea that can be quickly developed and evolved in practice.
After only three years, that is, a high school time, Sun Lao's team succeeded, with the expectations of the whole country, Dongfanghong No. 1 successfully ascended, the underground a cheering sound, space also sounded our Dongfanghong, announced that China officially broke through the Western technology blockade. And in the following fifty years, Chinese satellites have been shining in space, has launched more than five hundred satellites, and successfully stood firm in the field of space. Of course, at this time, China is still in the exploration stage, in the Dongfang Hong lifted off, the first satellite in the sky to solve the actual problem, so, remote sensing satellite on the agenda, its responsibility is to take pictures, the vast territory of the motherland, the perfect record, a new round of challenges began.
But four years later, in November 1974, China's first return remote sensing satellite exploded twenty seconds after liftoff, the challenge failed, Sun Lao in the basement felt the tremor coming from the top of his head, then ran out with his colleagues and saw the entire desert in a sea of fire, Sun Lao lost his voice and cried, even so, but as a researcher, the most important thing is to accept failure.
A group of people searched for three days and nights in the desert, when the weather was cold and dripping ice, but they were determined to find the remains of the rocket inch by inch, even if it was a small screw, wire, iron pieces, and finally finished collecting them and found the cause of the accident, a small piece of wire, before the launch, the wire skin was intact, but there were cracks in the copper wire inside, the staff did not notice, and when the rocket was launched, it would produce extremely violent vibration, this was clear to everyone, making the internal copper wire directly disconnected, resulting in the failure of the entire launch mission, which gave everyone a hard lesson, a small crack decided the success or failure of the entire huge space product.
Ultimately, Sun took full responsibility. Having learned this lesson, everyone began to focus on quality, and a strict control system in the space field has been in place since then. The following year, the return remote sensing satellite was successfully launched. A series of new products followed, from communication to remote sensing, non-recoverable to recoverable, domestic to foreign, and some statistics show that among the more than 100 space vehicles developed and launched by China, Sun was the chief designer of about forty-five, more than one-third, and he was therefore recognized as the "father of satellites" in the industry.
In 1985, China announced to the world that domestic launch vehicles would be officially put into the international market. In fact, during this period, China's space journey was exceptionally difficult, and the spring breeze of reform and opening up blew to every corner of the country, but also to a certain extent, fully revealed some of the shortcomings of the country, such as those who work for the state, their salaries are far inferior to those of private enterprises, as Sun Lao said, "those who build Missile is not as good as selling tea eggs," the low income of the Space Academy, the influx of foreign companies, cell phone communications market began to rise, the hospital is full of talent, they began to poach people through various channels in the interests of the company, the most exaggerated is the staff of Noah's Key, driving a large sports car, hanging a recruitment sign, with a variety of lucrative salary packages, just stand across the Space Academy.
Many young people were attracted away, resignation, are with Sun Lao said that they love the space industry, but also have a sense of conviction, patriotic, but really too poor, even the object can not afford to invite dinner. Perhaps for the dream of a strong country, perhaps to open up the external market, the introduction of going out, during this time, Sun Lao played the role of a businessman. In our impression, scientists who can make significant achievements are generally not good at speech, do not know how to argue with others, and are dedicated to doing their own thing, but Sun is different. On the negotiation field, his words are clear and sharp, and the rules and regulations are justified. In his opinion, Sun Lao not only in familiar with the policies of various countries, but also well versed in the negotiation skills between major powers, how could he do the tedious scientific work while having both of these?
But this is the consciousness of a communist, as long as the motherland needs, every line of work must be able to do, and competent! In 1988, Sun Lao signed a satellite related agreement with the United States on behalf of the country. In 1990, AsiaSat 1 was successfully launched, which has the highest accuracy in orbit among similar satellites already launched by Lao U.S.
And in a Gulf War in the same year, China and the world were completely alerted to the importance of navigation satellites in this U.S.-led modern war, and soon after, the relevant satellite positioning system documents were issued, Beidou-1 was officially put online, and Sun Lao was once again appointed as the chief designer of the project. Although he was already at an advanced age, he took up the task given by his country without any hesitation, and a new journey began.
By 2003, with the third navigation and positioning satellite sent into space, the Beidou-1 satellite positioning system was formally established successfully, providing users with an all-weather, regional positioning system, a system that later played a very important role in the Wenchuan earthquake. In 2004, the Moon Exploration Project was launched and the motherland once again entrusted it with a heavy responsibility, setting Sun Lao as the chief designer of the program. Life is not sweet, but for Sun Lao, decades of hard work for that moment of success is worth it, and when recalled, the past is all sweet. In the process of communicating with people, Sun likes to laugh very much, and his smile gives people an unworldly, pure and sincere, warm and comfortable feeling, but in one conference, he cried like a child.
In late October 2007, Chang'e No. 1 successfully lifted off, and every day after that, Sun Jiadong stood in front of the center stage abnormally nervous, observing the satellite's orbit, until nearly a month later, it entered the lunar orbit smoothly, and only then finally sent a sigh of relief, the crowd at the scene cheered, embraced, and left tears of excitement, but Sun Jiadong secretly dropped his head at the venue, taking out a handkerchief and wiping his tears, a scene that the camera happened to This scene was captured by the camera and entered the audience of hundreds of millions of people, who were touched by it. In 2009, the Beidou system was once again a complete success, with Sun Jiadong taking the brunt of the credit.
In 2012, the International Astronomical Union decided to name the planet 148081 as "Sun Jiadong Star" in recognition of Sun's great contribution to China's space industry.
In 2014, Sun Lao retired from the position of chief designer, he felt that he had to leave the opportunity for fresh blood to show their talents, and now the country's salary level for the Space Academy is also rising, after seeing the strength of the motherland, and no longer stay in foreign excellent resources, but will focus on the domestic, which is something that everyone is happy to see, they have to give them a place to vacate, also said no longer care about the sky The company has to delve into the things on the ground, such as sharing bicycles, using the satellites in the sky to give its navigation, at that time, there are several enterprises in Beijing, has used the Beidou system. Of course, every time Sun Lao saw another part of people using the U.S. GPS, he would mutter, "Still Beidou is good!" He is so cute and humorous, he is simply an old kid.
In 1919, Sun was awarded the highest honor of the country, the Order of the Republic, the then 90-year-old man in a wheelchair, being pushed to participate in the award ceremony, sixty years of dedication to the country, a heart for the people do not want to reward, you put the family and the country at ease, the people will hang you high! Your sincere dedication is destined to be remembered by the people forever. The following year, when the Beidou-3 satellite was launched, Sun, as the chief designer of the first two, was invited to participate and witness this sacred moment.
And before that, according to the recollection of a colleague, the old man who was over half a century old could not forget his space career and would often come to the Space Academy to see, and people asked him if he could still do it. Sun smiled shyly and said, "The computer is good, but the executive body is not", that is to say, no matter when, his brain will always struggle for China's space industry, but his body does not listen to the command. In that poor era, there were too many young people like Sun Jiadong, who did not mind the poverty of the motherland and fought for the motherland for their whole life, and there was a word for the conscientiousness of the work attitude. There are too many bumps, temptations, and roadblocks on the road to building a strong nation's dream, the only way to really firm up your heart's beliefs is to be worthy of eternal legacy!
Well, this video ends here. What do you think about Mr. Sun Jiadong, the father of Chinese satellite? One day, if the motherland needs it, are you willing to do a profession you do not love? You can say your opinion in the comment section, like the video friends, please also long press the like plus attention, will not miss after more exciting content, we will not see you next time!
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