Tierra del Fuego is located at the southernmost point of the South American continent, it is the southernmost land on earth except for the Antarctic continent, and is so far away from any other land in the world that it is called the "end of the world".
Tierra del Fuego covers an area of 49,000 square kilometers and is shared by two countries, with the national boundary running in a straight line through the middle of the island, the western half of which belongs to Chile and the eastern half to Argentina. It is the southernmost city on earth and the southernmost city inhabited by human beings.
Ushuaia is the capital of the Argentine province of Tierra del Fuego, with a population of only 60,000. The nearest big city is Concepcion, Chile, which is more than 2,000 kilometers away from the capital Buenos Aires. The distance from the capital city of Buenos Aires is 3,200 km, which is really the "end of the world.
Ushuaia is a capital city whose jurisdiction also includes Argentina's claimed Antarctic territory and several islands in the South Atlantic, covering a total area of nearly one million square kilometers. After the signing of the Antarctic Treaty, claims to Antarctic territory by various countries were frozen. Several islands were again occupied by Britain, and in reality Ushuaia only has jurisdiction over the small half of Tierra del Fuego that belongs to Argentina.
Although Tierra del Fuego is close to the Antarctic, it is not cold due to the warm and abundant water vapor blowing from the South Pacific Ocean, presenting a temperate marine climate that is cool and pleasant. the average temperature in January is 10..3°, the average temperature in July is 1.7°, and the annual average temperature is 5.8°.
It is a chic and beautiful small town, built by the mountains and the sea. The lush hillsides, majestic white snow-capped mountains and blue straits in the distance make for a stunning picture. The city is built along the coast of the Beagle Channel, and the streets are lined with modern buildings, simple houses with tin roofs, and wooden houses from decades ago, mostly one or two stories high, which look simple and peaceful.
The streets are not wide, but very chic. In the vibrant summer, fairy-tale huts, blooming flowers and snow-capped mountains are on the streets, and the air here is cold and pure, giving people an early sense of the unique and mysterious atmosphere of Antarctica. The stunning scenery attracts a large number of visitors to this remote and isolated land, and breathes life into it.
St. Martin Street, the main shopping street in the area, is also only a small, delicate and elegant two-story high house. Most of the stores are hotels, restaurants and bars, and there are also decoration and handicraft stores that reflect the South American style. The slogan "The end of the world, the beginning of everything!" can be seen everywhere in the streets and alleys. Most of the attractions in Ushuaia are related to "the end of the world": the museum at the end of the world, the post office at the end of the world, the lighthouse at the end of the world, and the road sign at the end of the world.
There is the world's smallest post office, a small wooden boardwalk stretching from beach to beach, with only one hut, its special location determines its uniqueness, and countless tourists come here every day, the post office sells postcards with the words "World's End Post", with the stamp on the penguin design, which can be filled out on site and mailed to all over the world.
There are no skyscrapers, no neon signs, the beauty of the night here is natural and pure, it is a place to banish the soul, to let go of all the hustle and bustle and feel the peace of mind like never before.
Ushuaia is a free port, the Beagle Channel is the dividing line between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and it is only 800 kilometers from the Antarctic Peninsula, from where ships of scientific expeditions to Antarctica from various countries depart. Every summer, Ushuaia's small marina sees its busiest season, with tourists and expedition ships from all over the world flocking to the small town. Many Argentine natives also come from far away to stay for a few months. For Argentina, it is the equivalent of our Tibet, a faraway land, a place to purify the soul.
This is the most beautiful place in summer, the day is nearly 20 hours long, the sun sets into the sea at 23:00 in the middle of the night, and rises again at 4~5 a.m. There are not only many natural wonders here, but also delicious seafood with special flavors. The king crab here grows in the cold and unpolluted Antarctic sea, and the crab body is large and fat, which is the best among the king crabs.
The island's flora and fauna are well preserved, with lush beech forests covering the slopes, seals and penguins that are not afraid of people, and the Emperor Cormorant, which looks like a penguin, and the huge, precious blue whales that frequent the Beagle Channel in the south of the island.
The glacial scenery of Tierra del Fuego is unique. The glaciers are strangely shaped, and the snow-capped mountains are overlapping. The largest glacier, Fagnano, is hundreds of square kilometers in circumference. Surrounded by mountains, dense forests, clear lakes and beautiful scenery.
Tierra del Fuego National Park is completely untouched and full of nature. Although it is near the polar regions, it is richly wooded, with snowy peaks, mountains, lakes, blue skies and forests in bright and soft colors. The wind speed here is so strong that it makes the trees fall down and have strange shapes, thus forming a landscape called "drunken forest", which is wonderful.
In Tierra del Fuego National Park, there is a train and a railway station, which was used by the convicts for logging in the past, and of course it is the southernmost railway station in the world. The train station is now turned into a museum, and the staff inside are actually dressed as convicts, walking around in the prison uniforms of the time, which is very enthusiastic and funny.
The Beagle Channel is beautiful, the waves are low, and several small islands jutting out of the channel are home to penguins, sea lions, fur seals, and a variety of birds.
In the Beagle Channel, there is a small reef island stands a lonely lighthouse, it is called the "World's End Lighthouse". It is said that this lighthouse can receive people's tears and take away all your unhappiness. The lighthouse at the end of the world has become a symbol of hope for those who have lost their love, as a result of a line by Tony Leung in the movie "Springtime".
"Where are you going to go?
Take your time and go to a place called Ushuaia.
It's cold, what's the point of going?
I heard that there is a lighthouse at the end of the world over there, and people who have lost their love like to go there and leave their unhappiness behind."
Thousands of literary young people know that this is the end of the world, know that there is a lighthouse of the southernmost point of the world