This trip to Jinbei was just a weekend use. The Jin Temple is a tourist hotspot, with a thick shade of cypress and acacia, but I could only walk around and take a glimpse. It is said to be the birthplace of the two surnames Wang and Zhang in the world. Wang is from the Ji surname, Taiyuan Wang's ancestor for Prince Qiao. The "Eastern Zhou States" said he was "clever and talented, good at playing the sheng, as the phoenix song", but unfortunately "seventeen years, occasionally travel to Ilo, returned and died. In a hurry, I am also considered to ask for my ancestors.
The original name of Jin Ancestral Hall was King Jin Ancestral Hall, and the original name was Tang Shu Yu Ancestral Hall. In 1046 B.C., King Wu of the Zhou Dynasty destroyed the Shang Dynasty and established the Zhou Dynasty. In 1043 B.C., King Wu died, and King Cheng Chong reigned; his royal father, Zhou Gong Dan, took the reins. In 1035 BC, the vassal state Tang rebelled and two years after the rebellion was put down, Shuyu was enfeoffed in Tang. This time, it is said that the feud was due to a joke when it was true. Shuyu, son of King Wu Ji Fa, brother of King Cheng Ji recited. His mother is also a cow, the daughter of Qi Tai Gong Lv Shang. Lv Shang, is Jiang Ziya.
At that time, Tang was in the former ruins of the Xia people, surrounded by Rong Di, and Shu Yu "started with the Xia government, and the border with the Rong Suo". This means, to Han Wu Di is "tie up", then it is called "to rule the barbarians with barbarians". After the implementation, the political achievement was so great that it influenced the politics, economy and culture of Han, Zhao and Wei afterwards, thus forming the characteristics of the culture system of San Jin which is Shang Gong, Shang Fa and Shang Xian. After Shu Yu, his son Xifu succeeded to the throne, moved to Jinshui, and changed Tang to Jin.
The site of the Jin Temple is located in the southwest of Taiyuan at the confluence of the Hanging Urn Mountain and the Jin River. It is said to have been built in the Western Zhou Dynasty, and the earthquake in Taiyuan in the third year of Han's reign in the Eastern Han Dynasty affected the Jin Temple, so it is presumed to have been there since at least 144 AD. Li Daoyuan's "Water Classic" says, "In the west of the marsh, there is the Tang Shuyu Shrine on the mountain, and on the side of the water, there is the Ryangtang, which is knotted with flying beams on the water", which shows that it has become a scale in the Northern Wei Dynasty. After that, no matter how to change the dynasty, the high attention from the royalty almost did not stop.
In the Northern Song Dynasty (1023-1032), Shuyu was posthumously named King of Fen Dong and a great hall was built to worship his mother, Yi Jiang. The Hall of the Mother of God is located in the back of the hanging urn and in front of the fish marsh, with a width of seven rooms and a depth of six rooms. With a heavy eave hipped roof, the hall is 19 meters high. In particular, the "three columns for medical devices against six rafters" is the only example of the existing ancient building that conforms to the "Building Law Style" of the temple structure. Since the culture of Jin Temple started to be dedicated to the Mother of God, the Hall of Shu Yu has become "cold in front of the door and sparse in the traffic".
In the Hall of the Virgin Mary, there are 41 colorful statues of the Virgin Mary and her attendants from the Northern Song Dynasty (the two small statues on either side of the Virgin Mary are later additions), which broke the pattern of religious statues before the Song Dynasty and replaced them with images of people from the society at that time, creating the first realistic works of sculpture. Especially the 33 maids of honor, with their loving eyes and dancing sleeves, are not only born of the time, but also not lost in the fairy atmosphere. There is a group of Yuan sculptures at the back, no contrast, no harm.
During the Tianbao period of the Northern Qi Dynasty (550~559), "a large building was erected and a pond was built through it". The fish marsh is the second source of Jin water, on which there is a cross stone bridge, which is a flying beam, built at the same time with the Hall of the Virgin in the Northern Song Dynasty. It is said that "this type of stone pillar bridge, in ancient paintings occasionally seen, the physical is only this a solitary example, Xun is valuable".
In the sixth year of the Sui Emperor's reign (586), an additional relics birth pagoda was built to draw Jin water to irrigate the rice fields, taking the meaning of "Buddha's spirit is inexhaustible". It was rebuilt in 1751, the 16th year of the Qianlong reign of the Qing Dynasty, and is a pagoda of 38 meters high. It is an octagonal seven-story pagoda with four doors and eight windows on each floor; the glazed sides are cut and there is a spiral stirrup inside the pagoda.
In the 20th year of the Tang Dynasty (646), Emperor Taizong Li Shimin visited this temple and wrote the "Inscription and Preface to the Jin Shrine" in 1,200 words of cursive. It seems that no cursive writing has been included in the monument before. There is a pavilion of "Zhenguan Bao Han" to hide the monument.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, Yuan You and Shao Sheng years have cast four bodies of cast iron people, said Jin Rentai. Cast iron is perishable, the existing two bodies are Republic of China replacement cast. Local legend has it that the iron man will run out at night to take the boat, cross the river, fight, and then rush back on duty at dawn. Do you believe it?
Yuan dynasty clay sculpture of 14 bodies of tricks and music. The result of secularization is the loss of artistic transcendence and ethereality, seemingly like a group of rural rattling classes for red and white celebrations, with stiff expressions and movements. But it is said to have reference value for the study of Yuan Dynasty costumes and ritual music system and musical instrument development, hmmmm.
It is said that there are "three great things" in Jin Temple, namely, the Zhoupai and Tangacacia, the painted statue of the maid and the Nanglao Spring. The Hall of the Virgin Mary was inaccessible, so I only got a glimpse of a few maids in the darkness of a room. There is also a saying that the "three best things" are the Hall of the Virgin Mary, the Wooden Dragon and the Fish Marsh Flying Beam, but it was a hasty glimpse.
Ruan Ji said, "the morning for the charming young man, evening into the ugly old; since not the prince Jin, who can always beautiful". Li Bai said, "I love Prince Jin, who got the way to Yilobin; his golden bones are not destroyed, and his jade face is always in spring". It is said that there is Jinxi Academy in the Jin Temple, and after the restoration, there is Zi Qiao Ancestral Hall and Wang's Taiyuan Hall, so next time you come back, you must remember to pay a visit. But first, we must remember the six words of the Wang family motto
It is appropriate to be slow in speech and kind in heart.