Geographically, the world is divided into seven continents, of which Asia is the largest continent in terms of area and population, while Africa ranks second in area and second in population, but currently has 62 countries, in which it ranks first in the world.
South Africa is located in the southernmost tip of the African continent, surrounded by the sea on three sides, with an area of 1.129 million square kilometers and a population of 59.62 million. It is a multiracial country, divided into black, white, Asian and mixed race, of which blacks account for about 80% and Asians only 2.9%, with English as the official language.
Located in the far southern hemisphere, South Africa has not only a mellow African color, but also a strong European flavor. Here, there is no desert even in the sky, but the level of plant diversity exceeds that of the Amazon rainforest, and the long stretches of coastline have become a favorite of European and American tourists.
The buildings in most South African cities are mostly Western-style, with few people on the streets during the day and even fewer at night, with blacks concentrated in the city centers and whites on the outskirts of the cities. But when you see the slums here, densely packed with tin houses, you can feel the gap between the rich and the poor in South Africa is still very large.
Is the security environment in South Africa really unbearable?
In the impression of some people, South Africa's security environment is relatively bad, many people robbery, and gun ownership is legal, however, most of these black people who can only survive by robbery are not local South Africans, but smuggled from other African countries, because there is no legal status, coupled with the rising unemployment rate in South Africa in recent years, so it is difficult to find some decent jobs, and eventually can only take this road.
Walking in the streets of South African cities, it is difficult to distinguish which blacks are locals and which are illegal residents, they all look similar, so in the local area, many whites and Asians will choose to avoid walking when they see blacks.
Why does South Africa have three capitals? Well, one has to briefly talk about the colonial history of South Africa.
The earliest indigenous inhabitants of South Africa were the San, Khoi and later the Bantu who migrated south.
The first people to come to the South African colony were the Dutch, and they were all farmers, and the early Dutch lived near Cape Town because of its proximity to the sea and its excellent location. After the Dutch colonists invaded, they also waged a number of wars against the local blacks over their territories.
By the early 19th century, the British also invaded South Africa and occupied Cape Town, the legislative capital, driving out the Dutch people living there. The Dutch colonists were thus forced to move north, to the present judicial capital near Bloemfontein, where they established their capital and divided their sphere of influence with the British, using the Orange River, the mother river of South Africa, as a boundary, without interfering with each other.
The Dutch colonists later allied themselves with the black tribes living near Bloemfontein to make peace, but soon the tribal chiefs turned against them, taking advantage of a fake feast to kill all the Dutch colonists who came to the feast, including women and children. The black tribes also took over a large part of the Dutch colonists' territory in the process.
Later, a farmer named Pretoria led the few remaining Dutch colonists to wage a war of revenge against the black tribes and fought off 12,000 men with 500, eventually winning the territory. This is the famous "Battle of Blood River" in the history of South Africa.
However, things are far from over here.
After the war, the Dutch colonists were on the verge of destitution. In desperation, a young girl inadvertently found a gold mine, and the Dutch colonists were overjoyed, then began to mine in large quantities, and then discovered a diamond mine.
But when the British colonists learned that the Dutch had dug up gold, they wanted to attack from the coast inland in an attempt to take possession of those rich resources. Under the strong attack of the British colonists, the Dutch colonists suffered many casualties and had to concede defeat, giving up the gold mines and continuing their migration to the north.
Then came what is now Pretoria, then just a wasteland, named after Pretoria, the leader of the Dutch colonists, which has grown into a city even now.
This is also the origin of the three capitals of South Africa: Pretoria, the "administrative capital", Cape Town, the "legislative capital" and Bloemfontein, the "judicial capital".
The former "breadbasket of Africa" South Africa, why now there is not enough food to eat?
South Africa was formerly known as the breadbasket of Africa, self-sufficient in food production but also exported a large number of major crops such as maize, wheat, sugar cane, barley, etc.. In a normal year, in addition to self-sufficiency, food can also be exported, including the export volume of sugar is among the world's top.
Now although the South African land from the white hands, but after the distribution to the blacks, the blacks themselves are not willing to plant, making a large number of fields deserted. In addition, Africa's agricultural planting technology is backward, many places are still in the state of hope to harvest, it is not possible to invest a lot of labor like China and Japan to fine farming, there is no scientific planting methods and fertilizers, so the yield is low, people are not high motivation to plant.
South Africa's first city is not the capital.
"Cape Town is the second largest city in South Africa, and Table Mountain, a landmark and symbol of Cape Town, is 1,084 meters above sea level and is also known as "God's Table" because its top is as flat as a table.
Cape Town is also a famous tourist city in South Africa and is known as one of the most beautiful cities in the world due to its beautiful natural and geographical surroundings.
In addition to its scenic beauty, the Cape Town area is also a world-renowned surfing and kitesurfing mecca, where everyone from beginners to world-class experts can find a wave that suits them.
The town of Hermanus, a little over 2 hours from Cape Town, is a world-renowned whale-watching capital, where large numbers of southern right and humpback whales gather along the coastline every September and October and can be seen spouting water as they breathe from the shore.
In Cape Town, one can see that whites mostly live in the rich coastal areas, while blacks live in the dirty slums, and whites enjoy the various services provided by blacks. So in a rich area like Camps Bay, it will feel like in Europe, where the vast majority of people you can see are white, and blacks are basically working in service jobs. The huge gap between the rich and the poor causes many social problems, which is a great pity in Cape Town.
Johannesburg, or "Joburg" for short, is a provincial capital city, but it is the famous "City of Gold" and the largest city in South Africa, with a population of over 4.4 million.
Forty kilometers northwest of Johannesburg is the "Cradle of Humankind", where nearly 40% of the fossils of humans on this planet were found, and it is the place where the first primitive human Southern Archaeopteryx was discovered in 1924.
The city, like all major European cities, has a rich nightlife with a large number of bars and clubs.
The Carlton Centre, formerly the tallest office building in Africa, can stand on the roof overlooking the city of Johannesburg, which was once home to the Carlton Hotel and became famous for its guests, including politicians and celebrities.
Johannesburg is a vibrant and dynamic city, the city is divided into two parts by the railroad from the north to the south, the south for the heavy industrial area, the north for the downtown area, but also distributed by the main commercial areas, white residential areas and higher education institutions.
Is education in South Africa good?
Education in South Africa is compulsory for nine years, and some of the more famous universities are the University of South Africa, the University of Cape Town and the University of Kingsway.
The University of Pretoria is the largest school in South Africa with a predominantly black student body and seven campuses across South Africa with 11 colleges and 139 departments. Because of the limited funds invested in education each year, only about 9.1% of the population in South Africa has received higher education.
Do the locals in South Africa get paid well?
Many South Africans earn less than 6,400 rand a month, or 2,802 yuan, which means they can't afford to pay their pensions, and because of this, it's hard for them to spend their old age comfortably. Market research shows that the unemployment rate in South Africa is as high as 27.6%, and South Africans' profligate habits make it difficult for them to save money for retirement.
South Africa's largest employer is the retail sector, which employs 18 percent of the country's workforce, but is also the most exploitative, with 40 percent of workers earning less than the minimum wage.
Banking and IT are the highest paying industries, but also the smallest employers, employing only 8% of the workforce.
Twenty-nine percent of working people in South Africa earn less than the national minimum wage of R3500 per month.
Are prices in South Africa high?
Many South Africans are very good at enjoying life. Any store here will close as soon as it reaches 5:30 on the dot, and no store is an exception, especially on weekends when many stores close at around 1:30.
The income of South Africans is relatively low, but the price level in South Africa is still relatively high. If you want to have an ordinary steak and vegetarian meal in South Africa, a cheaper restaurant will cost you about 60 RMB, and if you go to a better restaurant, it will be even more expensive.
In South Africa, food prices are high, but some locally produced fruits and milk will be cheaper. A typical hostel or ordinary hotel costs about R200-300 per night, a casual meal costs about R50-70, and a cab costs about R10 per kilometer.
Are there expensive houses in South Africa?
Johannesburg is the economic center of South Africa's development, although many places say that the safety of the city here is not particularly good, but his economy is very well developed.
There are many residential areas in Johannesburg, but the price of property in each residential area varies somewhat, and the standard of living for the population is usually three bedrooms, a rented room, a laundry room, and a garage. To buy a house in South Africa, the price is about 2 million RMB, and you can buy a house with a land area of about 990 square meters.
Buying a house close to the road will be 2~3 times more expensive than a house in a residential area, because houses close to the road can be converted to commercial use, while those in the inner part of the neighborhood can only be built as self-use residential houses.
Most of the local black people in South Africa cannot afford to buy a house, they just choose to rent a house to live, and there are many cheap rental houses in the slums.
Public Transport in South Africa
Taking a taxi in South Africa is a rather tangled problem, not to mention the developed countries in Europe, the South African taxi industry is not even comparable to some countries in Southeast Asia. First, the price is more expensive, the average price of 10 rand per kilometer; second, most South African drivers do not know the way, but the good thing is that most of the cars are equipped with GPS; the most terrible thing is that South African cabs basically do not beckon to stop, are booked by phone. South Africans have a very poor sense of time, and it is common for them to be half an hour late for the agreed time. So if you have an urgent matter, you'd better choose a cab, or leave your time wider.
Light rail is one of the regional rail systems around major cities in South Africa. The safety of the light rail around Johannesburg and Pretoria is not good, but it is still basically safe and convenient to take the light rail from Cape Town to the surrounding towns such as Stellenbosch, Paarl's Winery and Simon's Town.
South Africa's Resources
South Africa is rich in mineral resources and has huge reserves. Although the area is small, mineral resources account for 50% of the whole Africa, except for the lack of oil and natural gas, all kinds of minerals are available and have huge reserves.
South Africa is one of the world's top five mineral resource countries, with more than 70 types of minerals now in proven reserves and exploited. The reserves of platinum group metals, fluorspar and chromium rank first in the world, gold, vanadium, manganese and zirconium rank second, titanium ranks fourth, phosphate ore, uranium, lead and antimony rank fifth, coal and zinc rank eighth, and copper ranks ninth.
Groundwater is the only reliable source of year-round water supply in many parts of South Africa, with an annual groundwater volume of 2.2 billion cubic meters.
Specialties of South Africa
South Africa is world-famous for its diamonds, and South Africa is also arguably the place that produces the highest quality diamonds. The Great Kimberley Hole is a famous tourist destination for diamond tours in South Africa, where each diamond carries the sweat and toil of the miners.
South Africa also produces ostrich eggs, which have high nutritional value and can be used not only for food but also to make beautiful works of art.
African wood carving has a strong indigenous African flavor, with figurines and masks, and a long history of creative techniques and ancient traditions.
South Africa Beauty
South Africa is not only rich in mineral resources, but also rich in tourism resources.
Sun City is a famous tourist destination in South Africa, known as the "paradise of the world", and is also the destination of the Miss World pageant.
The Cape of Good Hope is a Cape Town landmark, and even Cape Town was founded as a city because of the Cape of Good Hope, and even CapeTown got its name from the Cape of Good Hope.
Kruger National Park is the largest safari park in South Africa, adjacent to the borders of Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
South Africa has countless beautiful scenery, South Africa enjoys the reputation of "rainbow country", here, you will have a new understanding of color, bright and sunny South African smiling face, colorful flower scenery, golden African savannah, each color can awaken your heart a thousand kinds of style.