Beijing is a city with a long revolutionary history, where many major events affecting the future destiny of the Chinese nation have taken place in recent times, thus accumulating a rich heritage of red culture that deserves to be carefully understood and carefully recalled by everyone.
On the occasion of "July 1" Party Day, I recommend several red spots for you to remember our martyrs, contemplate the present, and strive for a happier life together!
The first stop of countless Chinese people visiting Beijing is often Tiananmen Square. Taking a picture in front of Tiananmen Square has become the most ritualistic event for them. If they can see the national flag raised here once, they will feel even more proud and honored!
Tiananmen Square is located at the southern end of the Forbidden City. Tiananmen Square is rectangular in shape, 880 meters long from north to south and 500 meters wide from east to west, with a total area of 440,000 square meters, and the whole square can accommodate one million people. Around Tiananmen Square, there are many famous buildings. On the west side of the square is the Great Hall of the People, on the north end is the Tiananmen Square Tower, and on the east side is the National Museum of China.
Great Hall of the People
Tiananmen Square is the symbol of the new China - it was here that the Founding Ceremony was held, and on October 1, 1949, from the Tiananmen Gate Tower, Chairman Mao solemnly proclaimed to the people of the world that "The People's Republic of China is founded! The Chinese people have stood up!"
In the middle of Tiananmen Square stands the Monument to the People's Heroes, and at the southern end of the square is the Memorial Hall of Chairman Mao.
Monument to the People's Heroes and Chairman Mao Memorial Hall
(Chairman Mao Memorial Hall will resume opening on July 5, please make reservations in advance)
Tiananmen Square is a witness of China's modern revolution, a witness of the birth of the new China, and a witness of the happy life of the people today.
Zhongshan Park is located on the west side of Tiananmen Square, separated from the Forbidden City by a wall, covering an area of 230,000 square meters, is a monumental classical altar and temple garden. It was originally an altar of the Ming and Qing dynasties, but was later renamed Zhongshan Park in 1928 in honor of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, the great pioneer of the democratic revolution.
When Dr. Sun Yat-sen died in 1925, the casket was placed in Zhongshan Hall and a public memorial service was held.
Entering from the main gate of Zhongshan Park, zigzagging northward along the east side of the promenade, beside the group of ancient cypresses, the ancient and elegant traditional building with four corridors and eight columns is the Laijingyuxuan Tea House, which was built in 1915 and was one of the places where advanced intellectuals carried out revolutionary activities during the founding of the Chinese Communist Party.
In November 1918, Li Dazhao delivered his famous speech, "The Victory of the Common People", saying, "The victory of democracy is the victory of the common people." In July 1919, the Young China Society, initiated by Li Dazhao and others, was formally established in Laijingyuxuan. According to the proposal of Li Dazhao and others, "The purpose of the Society is to create a young China in the spirit of science and social activities. The creed of the Society is: first, struggle, second, practice, third, perseverance, fourth, frugality." Li Dazhao introduced Mao Zedong, Zhao Shiyan, Zhang Wentian, Yun Daying and others to the Society, and after the establishment of the Marxist Doctrine Research Society at Peking University in 1920, Li Dazhao came here several times to promote Marxism.
After the founding of New China, Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, Zhu De, Deng Xiaoping and other Party and State leaders have come to the park to participate in large garden activities. There are famous landscapes in the garden, such as the Liao Cypress, the altar of the Social Science and Technology, the Zhongshan Hall, the Peace Defense Square, the Lanting Tablet Pavilion, the Aphorism Pavilion, the Huifang Garden and the Tang Flower Garden.
3、New Culture Movement Hall (Red Building of Peking University)
The Beijing New Culture Movement Memorial Hall is located at 29 May 4th Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing. It is a museum of the former Red Building of Peking University and is the only comprehensive museum in China to show the history of the May 4th New Culture Movement.
The Beijing New Culture Movement Memorial Hall restores the historical appearance of the Red Building of Peking University during the May Fourth period, supplemented by exhibitions and displays.
The "Herald of the New Era - New Culture Movement" exhibition, Cai Yuanpei and Chen Duxiu, is a comprehensive display of Chen Duxiu, Cai Yuanpei, Mao Zedong, Li Dazhao and other pioneers working in the Red Building, highlighting the historical atmosphere of the Red Building during the May Fourth New Culture Movement.
Based on the Red Building, the Memorial Hall of the New Culture Movement adheres to the purpose of propagating and promoting the May Fourth spirit of "patriotism, progress, democracy and science" and constantly presents various forms of exhibitions to educate the general public, especially the youth, about patriotism in vivid images.
4、Song Qingling's former residence
At No. 46, the northern edge of Houhai, lies the former residence of Song Qingling, the honorary president of the People's Republic of China. Song Qingling is known worldwide as a great fighter of patriotism, democracy, internationalism and communism, a great woman of the 20th century and the wife of Sun Yat-sen.
The former residence of Song Qingling was firstly the residence of Mingzhu, then during the Qianlong period it was changed to Heshen's House, during the Jiaqing period it was the garden of the royal residence of Prince Cheng Yongxing, later it was the garden of the residence of Prince Yixuan, the father of Guangxu, and at the end of the Qing Dynasty it was the garden of the royal residence of Prince Zai Feng, the father of the last emperor Pu Yi, that is, the garden of the Regency.
The garden is a quiet and elegant garden with blue water, jagged rocks, flowers and trees, luxuriant grass, buildings and pavilions. Song Qingling moved here in April 1963 and worked, studied and lived there until her death on May 29, 1981.
From her youth, Song Qingling followed Dr. Sun Yat-sen into the revolution until the last moment of her life. The former residence of Song Qingling maintains vivid scenes of working, studying, reading, receiving, discussing, feasting, resting, recreating, feeding pigeons, enjoying flowers, etc. in the former residence in its original state, and displays the exhibition of Song Qingling's life, which is an important place for visiting, touring, activities and meeting.
5、Li Dazhao's former residence
Li Dazhao former residence original display is located in the northern courtyard of the former residence, a small triplex, heritage building 190 square meters, the main room 3, east and west ear room 4, east and west wing 6 rooms. Mainly reflecting the spring of 1920 to January 1924 Li Dazhao family life, revolutionary activities and social contacts, while briefly introducing the life and main contributions of comrade Li Dazhao.
On the wall of the main room hangs a couplet written by Li Dazhao, which is a true portrayal of his glorious life: "The iron shoulder carries moral righteousness, the wonderful hand writes articles".
The former residence of Li Dazhao has a special value in the history of the Chinese Communist Party. The period when he lived in Houzhai Hutong was the first golden age of Li Dazhao's life career and an exceptionally busy period for him. He made great contributions to spreading Marxism, founding the Chinese Communist Party, establishing the National Revolutionary United Front, consolidating and developing the Nationalist-Communist Cooperation, and leading the revolutionary movement in the North.
The Beijing Lu Xun Museum is located at No. 19, Gongmen Erjiao, Fuchengmennei Street, Xicheng District, Beijing, and houses Lu Xun's former residence and Lu Xun's exhibition.
Lu Xun's old residence is a national key cultural relic protection unit, which was purchased by Lu Xun in the spring of 1924 and converted into a residence of his own design. Lu Xun lived here for more than two years, and in May 1929 and November 1932, when he returned to Beijing from Shanghai to visit his mother, he also stayed here. Here Lu Xun wrote three collections, Huagaiji, Huagaiji Continued, and Weeds, as well as some chapters of Wandering, Chaohua Xixi, and Grave.
During his lifetime, Lu Xun wrote a large number of novels, essays, miscellaneous articles and poems, such as "Blessing", "A Q Zhengzhuan", "Na Shout", "Wandering" and "Chaohuazhi". He fought all his life with his pen as a weapon and is known as the "soul of the nation" and the banner of modern Chinese literature. His life was characterized by the words: "To face a thousand people with a cold frown, to bend one's head for a child's ox". Mao Zedong said, "Lu Xun was the main general of the Chinese cultural revolution. He was not only a great literary figure, but also a great thinker and a great revolutionary.
7、Chinese People's Anti-Japanese War Memorial Hall
The Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japan Memorial Hall is located in Wanping City near the Lugou Bridge, where the "July 7th Incident" took place, and is the only large comprehensive thematic memorial hall in China that comprehensively reflects the history of the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japan. The museum's collection of cultural relics is based on various historical documents and related objects from 1931 to 1945, with more than 30,000 pieces (sets) in the existing collection.
In front of the memorial hall is the war square, in the center of which stands the "Lugou Awakening Lion" symbolizing the awakening of the Chinese nation, surrounded by antique buildings in the Ming and Qing dynasties style, and in front of the gate is magnificently engraved "1937.7.7 Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japan Memorial Site ", the memorial hall as a whole looks solemn and solemn.
"A brick wall forged by the people"
The memorial hall shows the development of new China from the outbreak of the Chinese people's war against Japan to the end of the war of resistance against Japan. Ancient and precious video materials, supplemented by detailed explanations in text, make people recognize history more clearly. The wall also displays military combat maps, as well as some authentic historical relics, with combat tools displayed below. Close contact with the history of the war, real and profound, the soul of the nation, Chinese love, oil.
In the midst of this remember some people, remember some things, remember the revolutionary martyrs, nostalgia for the old and the new, in the bustling city of Beijing quietly listen to the sound of history, after coming to feel the smoke and fire, heroic spirit, the rise and fall of the world, everyone is responsible, proud of the motherland!
8. Chinese People's Revolutionary Military Museum
Located in Haidian District, Beijing, the Chinese People's Revolutionary Military Museum is one of the top ten buildings in the capital dedicated to the 10th anniversary of the National Day and the only large comprehensive military history museum in China. There are Red Army Hall, Anti-Japanese Hall, Liberation Hall, Anti-US Aid Museum, Modern Hall, Weapons Hall, Militia Hall, Gift Hall and Comprehensive Hall.
The display system of the military museum reflects the military history of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, ancient and modern Chinese military history and world military history. The collection of cultural relics includes aircraft, artillery, ships, missiles, firearms, ammunition, cold weapons, medals, badges, seals, coins, pottery, porcelain, utensils, clothing, flags, documents, notes, etc.
The history witnessed by these exhibits, from the revolutionary period when we were fighting against the wind and rain to the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, which is constantly moving to the center of the world stage, is a miniature version of the "encyclopedia" of Chinese revolutionary cultural relics with its wide range of categories and long time span.
9、Black Mountain Hu Anti-Japanese Battle Memorial Park
Baiwang Mountain Forest Park, located in Haidian District, Beijing, is the closest forest oxygen bar to the city. It is not only a beautiful natural environment, but also a legendary red memory: more than 70 years ago, a fierce battle took place here and the anti-Japanese soldiers shot down a Japanese plane, which greatly boosted the morale of the military and the people in the war. Located here is the Heiheihu Battle Memorial Park, where the heroic deeds of the revolutionary martyrs are recorded in inscriptions and reliefs.
After the Lugou Bridge Incident in 1937, our underground workers in Beiping under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, formed a team - the National Anti-Japanese Army, the struggle with the enemy. September 8, 1937, in order to raise weapons, the National Anti-Japanese Army all entered the French church in Heihei Hu where guns were hidden. The Japanese learned of the news and sent two squadrons to attack, the National Anti-Japanese Army used only rifles plus machine guns to bravely resist, and created the first time with light weapons to shoot down the enemy aircraft history, Heihei Hu anti-Japanese battle not only to combat the enemy's rampant aggression, but also to enhance the confidence of our war resistance soldiers and civilians.
After this battle, the National Anti-Japanese Army expanded to more than 3,000, and at the end of the year was integrated into the Fifth Detachment of the Jinchaji Military Region in Fuping, Hebei, and continued to fight in the mountains west of Beiping, making a monumental contribution to the creation of the anti-Japanese base in Pingxi.
The green mountain does not change, the green water flows forever, the hero has passed away, the righteousness lives on.
We are living in a happy era, an era created by countless revolutionary forefathers. It was the brave resistance and hard struggle of our forefathers that guarded our territory and laid a solid foundation for the happy life we have today.
In Beijing, you can not only enjoy the magnificent natural beauty, but also let the moving deeds of the martyrs wash and purify your soul and receive the inculcation of revolutionary tradition. "Visit the holy places once, purify your soul once".
This prosperous world as our forefathers wished, we must also work harder to do so!