Science

Turns Out Some People Have Tiny Holes Above Their Ears And There's An Explanation For It

From time to time, a child is born with some peculiar features. Whether it’s multicolored eyes, two extra fingers, or lack thereof, genetics and birth defects sometimes pose some interesting results. Here’s one you may or may not have noticed: preauricular sinuses. As it turns out, some people have odd little holes above their ears. Some of those who possess this interesting feature doesn’t even know what it is, but there’s an explanation.

Turns Out Some People Have Tiny Holes Above Their Ears And There's An Explanation For It

A preauricular sinus, also known as a preauricular pit, preauricular tract, and preauricular cyst, is a congenital malformation of the preauricular soft tissues.

Turns Out Some People Have Tiny Holes Above Their Ears And There's An Explanation For It

This small abnormality was first reported in 1864 in a study by a scientist Van Heusinger. It often occurs in front of the upper ear, usually located just between the face and the cartilage of the ear rim. It can occur on one or both sides of the ears.

Turns Out Some People Have Tiny Holes Above Their Ears And There's An Explanation For It

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What’s the most peculiar about this is that these holes are connected to the sinus tract that runs under the skin with a short or long and complicated path—something that doesn’t typically happen in humans.

Turns Out Some People Have Tiny Holes Above Their Ears And There's An Explanation For It

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It is known that these pits run in the family; however, they can also occur spontaneously for an unknown reason.

Turns Out Some People Have Tiny Holes Above Their Ears And There's An Explanation For It

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The prevalence of it varies. They are most common in East Asian populations, with an incidence of 10%, and less common in people of African descent (4%) and Caucasians (0.5%).

Turns Out Some People Have Tiny Holes Above Their Ears And There's An Explanation For It

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While a preauricular sinus doesn’t appear to affect a person who has it in any way, it sometimes can get infected and require treatment.

Turns Out Some People Have Tiny Holes Above Their Ears And There's An Explanation For It

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While it isn’t exactly clear why preauricular sinuses occur, one scientist has an idea. According to one evolutionary biologist, Neil Shubin, these holes could be a remnant of fish gills. Fascinating, isn’t it?

preauricular sinus = free forward helix piercing

Turns Out Some People Have Tiny Holes Above Their Ears And There's An Explanation For It