Before understanding the visa, first understand the passport, in layman's terms, the passport is the country issued to its citizens to prove its identity, equivalent to the international identity card, but you want to enter other countries, you must get permission from other countries (including the time of entry), this permission is the visa, and then hold a visa and passport to enter other countries at the same time (but the passport to be in effect, ordinary passports are 10 years). So, the passport is issued by the country, and the visa is issued by the country you are going to. Normally, with a visa for the country you want to enter, you can theoretically go there.
We are now common visa are stickers, that is, the back of the visa is adhesive, stick on a page in your passport, now there is also a separate attached a paper, laminated inside, the future and electronic visa. In short, it is a kind of proof that the country's immigration authorities have examined you and allowed you to enter the country, and is valid only when used together with a passport that proves you are a citizen of a certain country.
Okay, below, relative to Chinese citizens with private passports to travel abroad visa (visa-free, visa-on-arrival, transit visa, Schengen visa) to make a description.
There are two types of visa waivers, one is a mutual visa waiver and the other is a unilateral visa waiver.
Mutual exemption means that citizens of two countries do not need to apply for a visa before traveling to the other country and can simply fly there with their passports; unilateral exemption means that the other country waives the visa for us, but we do not waive the visa for them.
P.S. There are about 32 countries and regions with which China has visa exemptions and unilateral visa exemptions, which will be added later, so this is not exhaustive.
15 mutual exemptions: UAE, Barbados, Bahamas, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ecuador, Fiji, Grenada, Mauritius, Republic of San Marino, Seychelles, Serbia, Tonga, Belarus, Qatar, Armenia.
17 countries and regions with unilateral visa exemptions: Indonesia, Uzbekistan, South Korea (Jeju Island, etc.), Albania, Morocco, French Reunion, Tunisia, Antigua and Barbuda, Haiti, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (British Overseas Territories), St. Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos Islands (British Overseas Territories), Jamaica, Dominica, U.S. Northern Mariana Islands (Saipan, etc.), Samoa, and French Polynesia.
Note that it is not the case that after the visa waiver, you can fly there if you want to, but it depends on whether the immigration office will let you go.
For example: we go to Fiji to play, you take a valid passport to fly directly to Fiji, visa-free means no visa paper, but that is, after all, another country, you can not take a passport off the plane waving a taxi on the go, you need to fill out the form at the immigration office, may also look at your return ticket, booking the hotel, and then give you a stamp in the passport (the stamp that is considered a kind of simplified visa, it has Then you can find a small island in Fiji, lie under a bread tree and play for a season. Note that visa-free countries do not allow the same period of entry, Fiji up to 4 months, but the UAE only allows 30 days, which is related to a country's labor policy and other aspects of the problem.
Visa on Arrival. The country you can theoretically travel to as long as you buy a ticket and get an entry visa at the other country's airport.
Visa on arrival is more, about 42, which has the most familiar country for Chinese people to travel abroad is Thailand, in fact, there are many, such as Palau. Visa on arrival is a trust, eliminating the need to go abroad before the various conditions and prior to the consulate's visa procedures. But in my experience, unless you are particularly busy, buy a ticket to fly over, if not, then it is better to get a good visa first
There are approximately 42 visa-on-arrival countries, with more to come.
Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Timor-Leste, Indonesia, Laos, Lebanon, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Brunei, Iran, Jordan, Vietnam, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Malaysia
Egypt, Togo, Cape Verde, Gabon, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Rwanda, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Sao Tome and Principe, Tanzania, Uganda, Benin, Zimbabwe
Guyana, St. Helena (British Overseas Territory)
Palau, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea
For example, if you have a valid passport, you can buy a ticket for a flight to Cairo, Egypt and get on the plane. When the plane hovers over Egypt, the stewardess will issue you two visa paper, you have to fill in the purpose, name, hotel, return ticket and so on information, of course, you can also fill in after the plane, but is delayed effort, to the airport after following the instructions of VISA, pay some cash, and then the passport stamp can enter Egypt. But my advice, regardless of whether it is a visa on arrival, for the kind of people who often fly, you if it is a blank book, or first in the country to do a good visa for good, so as not to land after the rejection, you then return the original way.
Transit visa, you need to transit a country and fly to another country, you need to apply for a transit visa. Can I get a transit visa out of the airport? Where do I apply for it?
Some European and American countries, the UK, the US, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, etc., require a visa on arrival regardless of how long it takes for you to land and take off from the local airport, whether you leave the airport or not. Or in a country with several airports in the capital city, you need to land from one airport and then take a flight to another airport also need to apply for a transit visa.
China, Beijing, Hangzhou, Shanghai, Nanjing, etc. to most countries to implement transit visa-free, but the time is not the same, Beijing is 24 hours to depart, are not allowed to leave the airport, waiting for your next flight at the international airport on the line (there are many countries in transit is not allowed to leave the airport, to find out before the departure transit). For the transit visa can be out of the airport into the city, depending on the validity of the transit visa, generally 48 hours.
If you want to fly to South America, as normal, you need to apply for a U.S. transit visa, you might as well just apply for a tourist visa, with a U.S. visa, most South American countries can enter visa-free. Except Brazil.
Don't worry about the transit visa, if you are transferring, there will be a reminder when you buy the ticket, marked "transit visa required"; or you can consult in advance.
Where do I apply for a transit visa? You need to apply in advance at the local consulate, the same as for a visa, because no matter where your purpose is, you are entering another country after all, so the visa audit, the preparation of documents is the same.
Transit U.S. to Brazil, you must have a visa to Brazil before you can leave the country. And the first transit, it is best to allow more time, about the airport transfer takes 3 hours, you try to buy tickets in the same airport (of course intermodal is best), if an airport does not have you arrive from the country and can fly to Brazil, to other international airports, set aside a longer time.
Example: Transit to the United States, then fly to Brazil. You need to get a visa for Brazil, then get a U.S. transit visa, and then fly to the U.S. because you can find much better deals on tickets for the U.S. to fly to Brazil. If you are tired of going to the United States, you can go this way, if you have not been there, I recommend doing a U.S. tourist visa, and then fly Brazil.
Schengen visa, what is Schengen first?
A brief look at Schengen, because the Schengen visa was first initiated by France, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and other five countries in a small town in Luxembourg signed an agreement, the agreement in the vernacular, that is, mutual visa-free + one country agreed to the other countries automatically default, the signing of the border town is called Schengen, to be honest this place is quite beautiful.
In 2013, when Schengen was expanded, there was no UK either. (Of course, not all European countries have signed this agreement, it can be said that the scope of the Schengen is larger than the euro area, but less than the EU), the current Schengen countries about 25 (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Greece, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Poland, Estonia Therefore, you can't go to the UK after you have done the Schengen visa, you need a separate visa to go to the UK.
You can interpret this as a mutual visa waiver for most EU countries.
- How do I apply for a Schengen visa?
If you are visiting only one country, like Switzerland, you only need to apply for a Swiss visa, but if you want to play the classic 5 European countries, Germany, France, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, then when you go to any embassy to apply for a visa, fill out a Schengen visa application, then you can go to any Schengen country with a Schengen visa and passport (remember to apply at the embassy of the country where you are staying the longest) , such as Germany). You don't need a visa to visit the Vatican, you can visit it when you get to Rome.
In my experience, to apply for a visa can go on their own, one is to understand the process, the second is to chat with the visa officer, and the third is to gain experience. If you don't have the time, you will be entrusted with the visa, which is convenient and quick to spend some money. I generally go abroad before the destination country embassy website or tourism bureau website to browse the regulations, do not understand the email, will get a reply, this than you search online professional formal concise and correct. If you want to experience visa-free and visa-on-arrival, then it is best not to have a white passport, but people always start with a small white, how to do? Then go with the group, first to European countries, the United States to a trip, with the Schengen visa and the United States visa, then to other countries to enter the visa-free and visa on arrival is easier. Before leaving the country, it is best to book hotels and return tickets, money packed with some cash (no other currency, you can first exchange some U.S. dollars).
The epidemic will eventually pass, the world will still be interconnected, and people will still travel across oceans to get to know each other and understand each other, so let's get ready and go.
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