To talk about the world's exotic treasures, people can't help but think of the historical relics that are displayed in museums. Each dynasty has its own way of manufacturing items, from houses to small clothes, all with different dynastic characteristics.
And these historical artifacts, because of their age, are often carefully placed and preserved in a location dedicated to them.
In the capital city of Beijing, there exists a huge dynastic complex, which is not only a historical site full of magic, but also contains many precious historical relics, a place of feng shui treasures to wander in the bosom of the country.
This huge complex of buildings, known around the world, is the Forbidden City, the place where the royal family as we know it lived.
After the complete demise of the feudal dynasty, the Forbidden City became a vacant site.
Throughout history, the historical significance of the Forbidden City is worthy of examination. After several restorations, the Forbidden City was officially opened to the public, where people can visit and also experience on the ground where this royal nobility once lived.
But people who have been to the Forbidden City know that all visitors who come here to visit are subject to a written rule that all must leave by 5 p.m. and can no longer stay inside the Forbidden City.
This written rule, in fact, is retroactive, ultimately because of a shocking national "Palace theft" in 1959.
After that theft, the management of the Forbidden City became more rigorous and vigilant, not allowing a single loophole.
The cradle of historical relics
The Forbidden City, a complex of buildings that stands in the capital city of Beijing, was established not only to witness the rise and fall of two dynasties, but also to tell the historical changes of different dynasties, and is an important test object of the progress of human civilization.
Construction of the Forbidden City began during the time of Emperor Chengzu of the Ming Dynasty, and after several improvements, a complex covering 150,000 square meters was eventually built. There are many palaces inside the Forbidden City, all of which belong to the emperor and the clan, making it a wide and comfortable place to live.
Both the Ming and Qing dynasties rose and fell in the Forbidden City, so there were more than 20 emperors born here, and the entire lives of several royal nobles were nurtured.
Such a huge building is a priceless testimony of China's Ming and Qing dynasties.
It is with two dynasties of the Ming and Qing dynasties to change the foundation, the Forbidden City inside, silently contains the history of human civilization from generation to generation.
According to statistics, the collection of cultural relics in the Forbidden City reaches 1.8 million pieces, making it a veritable cradle for the nurturing of historical relics.
As one of the five major museums, the Forbidden City houses a vast and profound collection of Chinese historical artifacts.
Among the many items in the collection are the Qianlong Emperor's Yonggu Cup, the king of jade, the blue jade stove with clouds and dragons, the treasure of enamel, the elephant ear stove, and the treasure of painting and calligraphy, the Qingming Shanghe Tu, to name a few, all of which are rare treasures that cannot be reproduced.
Such a cradle of historical relics not only lives on in the hearts and minds of the Chinese people, but also needs to be protected under strict security.
The Forbidden City theft that shocked the nation
The Forbidden City has been open for tours since 1925. After the founding of the new China, people's lives slowly became more stable and happy, so the number of people who had the leisure to visit the Forbidden City gradually began to grow.
August 16, 1959, in the early morning of a normal dawn sky, the Forbidden City night watchman Tian Yihe normal start a day of inspection around the Palace, but in walking to the Palace of the Yangxin Hall, surprised to find a pile of glass ballast fell inside.
What frightens Tian Yihe even more is that in front of the reflection of his pupils, the historical artifacts, which should be protected in the glass enclosure, have disappeared. This is a big deal, the Forbidden City in the historical relics, but overnight disappeared.
The loss of cultural relics is not a trivial matter, the Forbidden City's historical relics are worth a lot of money.
The loss of either of these items is a very serious transgression. Tian Yihe rushed to the police, and soon after, the police and heritage experts quickly arrived at the scene.
By the statistics of heritage experts, the theft of the Forbidden City, missing historical relics worth about 1.5 billion yuan.
This astronomical value estimate made the pressure on the police to solve the case soar, and the Forbidden City theft soon spread throughout Beijing.
In order to solve the case, the police tried every possible way, at first felt that the Forbidden City is heavily guarded, to steal is most likely to be an insider. But after some analysis to exclude, and denied the "insider crime" conjecture.
Under the limited conditions of detection, the police can not let go of any clues.
It so happens that at this time, a security guard of the Forbidden City recalled that it seemed to have seen a black figure sweeping by on the night of August 15, the police thus again determined the direction of investigation.
In order to catch the suspects, the police have laid a net all over the country, not missing any opportunity to line up the suspects.
Eventually, in a train to Xinjiang, the conductor found two panicky guys, after the police arrived for a stern questioning, the suspect Wu Qinghui confessed to the crime of stealing cultural relics from the Forbidden City.
After questioning, Wu Qinghui admitted that he entered the Forbidden City on August 15, and secretly hid inside the toilet while no one was there, the night fell, the crowd dispersed, he slipped out to commit the theft.
At this point, the startling theft of the Forbidden City has been officially solved.
But at the same time, the incident also gave the Palace managers a wake-up call: for the Forbidden City, a museum with many treasures, only to strengthen the defense, in order to ensure the maximum safety of cultural relics.
Management update of the Forbidden City
After the 1959 theft, the group in charge of the Forbidden City reopened its discussions in an effort to find a more appropriate way to manage the Forbidden City and to preserve 100% of its historical artifacts while opening it to the nation.
After carefully analyzing the theft Wu Qinghui's transcript, the team in charge corresponds to the culprit's modus operandi, listing one by one the existing management loopholes of the Forbidden City, a total of seven. Each of them, are very likely to become the cause of the next accidental appearance.
And among these loopholes is the question of how well the Palace is cleared at the end of a one-day visit and the timing.
The reason why Wu Qinghui can have the opportunity to secretly hide in the toilet, is because in the Forbidden City closed for clearance, the personnel responsible for the failure to do a serious and careful, can not fully do to check every place and every person, before he had the opportunity to take advantage of the implementation of theft.
After knowing this loophole, the team in charge of the Palace quickly made adjustments and improvements to the system.
On the requirement of the Palace clearance time, set at 17:00 every afternoon. At this time, it is not yet completely dark, the patrol team has enough time to carefully check to ensure that all visitors leave the site.
This rule was enacted after the lag, it has been used to date.
In order to maximize the protection of the Palace's management rigor, completely eliminate the phenomenon of outsiders waiting for the opportunity to stay in the Palace, to put an end to the unscrupulous people on the Palace of cultural relics.
It is also because of the theft that the country understands better that every single cultural relic in the Forbidden City is a valuable historical mark, and even if you spend more money, you can't replicate history and get exactly the same relics.
After stealing the gold book, Wu Qinghui was filled with the knowledge that it was gold and something valuable, so he cut it all into pieces for easy carrying.
For selfish and greedy people, historical artifacts are just a tool to exchange for money.
And when historians see these broken gold books, none of them feel pity and heartache.
This is no longer a matter of felony conviction or not. Wu Qinghui has caused the loss of a treasure in China with 5,000 years of history, and this act is inexcusable.
After all, this is not a gold store will be able to find the broken gold, the significance of this priceless treasure, Wu Qing Hui reckless people and how will understand it?
And as descendants, we can no longer reproduce history through any way, to retrieve another gold booklet, and how can we not feel sad inside?