"A bridge flies north and south, the rift valley becomes a thoroughfare. The stone wall of the West River is cut off from the clouds and rain of the Wushan Mountain, and the high gorge emerges from the flat lake." A majestic poem that brings to life the aspirations of the great man. The Three Gorges Hydropower Station is the largest hydropower station in the world and the largest water conservancy project ever built in China.
Since Dayu began to rule water, ancient China has had a continuous relationship with water. Flood control, water storage and irrigation, power generation and breeding, reservoirs have been of great use. Nowadays, many reservoirs have become beautiful scenic spots, which have been through the mountains, through the water, and all over the rivers and lakes. With a deep historical and cultural heritage, they have performed many stories that can be sung and cried.
Shandong's top ten reservoirs Xiaobian pre-systematic combed through, these reservoirs canyon dangerous, a blue million hectares. And according to the data provided by the Zibo Water Resources Bureau, Zibo City has a total of 168 small, medium and large reservoirs, including the largest number of reservoirs in Yiyuan County, there are 114. According to the size of the reservoir, there are 2 large reservoirs, 5 medium-sized reservoirs, these reservoirs are surrounded by water, beautiful scenery, as Zhang Ruoxu's "rippling with the waves of millions of miles, where the spring river without moonlight" like spectacular.
Surrounded by mountains, blue waves of a thousand hectares of Taihe Reservoir, located in Zichuan District, Taihe Town, the main stream of the Zi River, the total reservoir capacity of 183.3 million cubic meters, is by far the largest water conservancy hub project in Zibo, February 4, 1960 groundbreaking, the end of 1990 the main project and irrigation district supporting works are completed, before and after more than thirty years. This with artificial blood and sweat to build a lofty barrier, like a dragon lying on the Zibo River beach, the construction of the long time, the use of manpower, the impact of the wide range, unprecedented in Zibo history.
Taihe Reservoir was originally named Jinji Mountain Reservoir, but was later renamed "Taihe Reservoir" to commemorate the "Taihe Tragedy" in April 1939. People often praise the natural appearance of the Taihe Reservoir by describing it as follows: "The saddle reflecting as a barrier, the green dragon playing in the water showing its power; the leopard staring at the spring floods, the golden chicken with wings overflowing floods flying ......"
Drinking water and thinking of its source, tracing the construction history of Taihe Reservoir, we have to start from the 1960s. Before that, the Zi River in the people to the benefits of fishing and irrigation, but also to the people on both sides of the river brought a lot of disasters. "Zi River slip, Zi River slip, poor mountains and water all stone, nine droughts a year eight not harvest, a year harvest eat half autumn." This is a true depiction of the old society Zi River.
In 1959, Zibo City decided to manage the Zi River and build a reservoir. By the early 1990s, the dam, east spillway, west spillway, water transfer cave, flood relief cave and other hub projects and the general trunk canal, a trunk canal, two trunk canal, three trunk canal and other irrigation area supporting projects were all completed. Among them, Taihe reservoir dam the entire construction process lasted 20 years, a total of more than 100,000 people to participate in the construction, the People's Liberation Army and Zibo nearly 100 factories, mines, enterprises and institutions to directly provide manpower, material, technology, mechanical equipment to support the construction, a total of 8.95 million cubic meters of soil, sand and gravel materials, 17 million workers, more than 5,000 advanced collective emerged, more than 46,600 advanced individuals, training and promotion of cadres at all levels 1680 people, training more than 5500 people of various professional and technical personnel.
The dam was closed in 1971, and in May 1972, the design height of the first phase of the dam was completed and the first phase of the project was completed. After the completion of the dam, then began construction of a vast and ambitious, stretching hundreds of kilometers of irrigation district supporting projects across 24 towns in three districts of Zichuan, Zhangdian, Linzi, which also created the longest man-made water tunnel "10,000 meters cave" known in China and abroad.
Nowadays, the Taihe Reservoir is like a huge green jewel set between the mountains in the upper reaches of the Zi River; it is like a treasure basin, absorbing thousands of clear springs from the depths of the mountains. Taihe Reservoir is surrounded by mountains, and the landscape road turns around the water to the mountains. When you turn around, you will see viewing platforms, or pavilions or xuan, or stone pestles or mills, or boat models or fish plays, all receiving the atmosphere of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery. Steps to climb the mountain, good wood show and prosperous shade, water pavilion down, wild fragrance hair and fragrance. Traveling in a circle, the mind is relaxed and happy. Sometimes there are wind back to the curved water, the waves are not alarmed, and occasionally see migratory waves lapping the shore, waves curb the flying boat.
In 1995, Taihe Reservoir was identified as a source of domestic drinking water for Zibo City, and also became a scenic spot known far and wide.
The second largest reservoir is Tianzhuang Reservoir in Yiyuan County, built in 1958, with a total capacity of 135 million cubic meters, the largest reservoir in Yiyuan County, where the four sources of the River Yei meet, Tianzhuang Reservoir is also the largest artificial lake in Yiyuan County, one of the large reservoirs in the province.
Tianzhuang Reservoir is surrounded by Tower Mountain, Mountains, Taohong Mountain, Zhaishan Mountain and Canggong Mountain. Four kilometers west out of Yiyuan County, that is, a winding green mountains, surrounded by a vast blue lake, the sky and clouds, a blue thousand pouring, picturesque, is the ideal place for rest and fishing and water sports activities. Tianzhuang Reservoir is like a sleeping beauty with a graceful body and clear qualifications, lying quietly in the sun of Lushan and the source of the River Yi. With her sweet and fragrant milk, it nourishes one-fifth of the land in Yiyuan County.
3、Meng Mountain Reservoir (Wenchang Lake Resort)
Mingshan Reservoir is located in the Zhoucun District Mingshan Town, which is now developed as Wenchang Tourism Resort, with its planning and construction of Wenchang Pavilion, Wenchang Academy, Linbo Xuan, Visitor Service Center and so on, which is known as the new tourism card of Zibo and attracts a lot of tourists.
Scenic area relying on the Meng Shan reservoir, surrounded by mountains and water, pleasant scenery, initially, the reservoir is from 1958 to start construction, to 1966 completed, and later expanded, the original total reservoir capacity of 90.25 million cubic meters, in 2015 began to increase the capacity of the project, an additional 10 million cubic meters, so that the calculation, Meng Shan reservoir now the total capacity should be in the 100 million cubic meters or so.
The lake is located at the edge of the impact fan in the northern part of the Tairu mountain system, with an average lake area of about 7 square kilometers, and a lake marsh and wetland of 18 square kilometers, with more than a dozen mountains distributed around the lake, such as Meng Mountain, Lotus Mountain, Jinshan, Huan Mountain and Xing Mountain, with good vegetation and unique resources. Based on Wenchang Lake, Fangyang River Wetland Park, Lotus Ecological Park, Urban Agricultural Ecological Expo Park, Confucius Culture Creative Park, Meng Mountain Ecological Greening and coastal economic forestry and fruit garden have taken shape in the area. Ecological environment.
4、Dalu Lake Reservoir
Dalu Lake Reservoir is located in Gaocheng County, Zibo City, belongs to is the Zibo City diversion of yellow water supply project storage reservoir, the total design capacity of 30.28 million cubic meters, here in ancient times, there should be lakes, according to records, there was a lake in the Ming Dynasty, known as Buy Lake, to Xianfeng years, the lake has disappeared, only the shape of the lake remains. Roughly the same as the location of today's Dalu Lake is basically the same.
There is a legend of Bald-tailed Old Li in Dalu Lake: In the northwest corner of the lake, there is a village of Dalu family, and there is a north-south avenue in the northwest corner of the village, and there is a temple of Dragon King in the west of the road, which commemorates Bald-tailed Old Li. In the 1930s, there was a large number of incense here, and every year in spring and autumn, a temple fair was held, where people prayed to the gods to heal the sick and give sons, and the wind and rain would be good and the people would be safe.
It is said that the legend has been passed down mainly in oral form since the Han Dynasty, and has been handed down for six generations since the end of the Qing Dynasty, mainly in written and oral transmission. Before the Cultural Revolution, there were relics such as the Dragon King Temple and the Lugun Temple (Terrace) in the west of Dalu Village of Gaoqing County, which were constantly filled with incense and held regular temple fairs every year. Dragon King Temple was demolished in 1957. Gaoqing has a long history and rich cultural heritage, and the beautiful and moving legend of Dalu Lake is one of the wonders, which has been widely spread.
5、New Town Reservoir
Xincheng Reservoir is located in Huantai County, Zibo City, clear and blue, weaving a unique landscape. It is also a reservoir for the diversion of yellow water supply project, with a total capacity of 21.44 million cubic meters. Initially it was a plain reservoir, the total capacity before expansion was at 10.06 million cubic meters, as part of the Yellow Water Diversion Project and the South-North Water Diversion East Project, the total capacity after expansion reached 21.44 million cubic meters.
6、Shima Reservoir - Wuyang Lake
Shima Reservoir is located in the south of West Shima Village, Shima Township, Boshan District, Zibo City, in the upper valley of Zi River, was built in November 1959, and was basically completed in 1970, with a total reservoir capacity of 15.73 million cubic meters.
Now, relying on the Shima Reservoir, it has built the Wuyang Lake Water Conservancy Scenic Area, covering the surrounding Wuyang Mountain, Wufeng Mountain, Jinniu Mountain and other attractions, which is a national AAA-level tourist attraction, promoting the development of local tourism and generating good economic benefits.
7、Red Flag Reservoir
Hongqi Reservoir is located in Yiyuan County, Zibo City, Yanya Town, built in the 1960s, the total design capacity of the reservoir in 11.51 million cubic meters, rich tourism resources, beautiful mountains, and the legend of the cowherd girl, because the location of the reservoir is high altitude, said to be the highest altitude in Shandong, the most dangerous reservoir, so people are called "head reservoir".
Zibo mountains and water beauty, the above seven reservoirs, each with its own characteristics, most built in the 1950s and 1960s, as the saying goes, do not forget to dig the well people, no old generation of people pay, there is no today's sweet, I do not know if you have been there?